Watershed - Main Creek (UC05)
Main Creek Watershed

Details

The Main Creek watershed is a mixture of agricultural and wooded land with dairy farming the primary agricultural activity. Dairy farming is declining in the northern portions of the watershed, yet areas of active farming remain as sources of polluted runoff. Farming is more stable and intensive in the southern portion of the watershed, where sources of polluted runoff are also more widespread. Nonpoint source impacts have been identified for nearly all the streams in the watershed. Streambank pasturing and barnyards are the most frequently identified sources of polluted runoff. Cropland erosion is a problem in some areas, especially in the southern portion of the watershed.

Date  1996

Ecological Landscapes for Main Creek Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The North Central Forest Ecological Landscape occupies much of the northern third of Wisconsin. Its landforms are characterized by end and ground moraines with some pitted outwash and bedrock controlled areas. Kettle depressions and steep ridges are found in the northern portion. Two prominent areas in this Ecological Landscape are the Penokee-Gogebic Iron Range in the north extending into Michigan, and Timm's Hill, the highest point in Wisconsin (1,951 feet) in the south. Soils consist of sandy loam, sand, and silts. The vegetation is mainly forest, with many wetlands and some agriculture, though the growing season is not as favorable as it is in southern Wisconsin. Lake Superior greatly influences the northern portion of the Ecological Landscape especially during the winter season, producing greater snowfall than in most areas in Wisconsin. The historic vegetation was primarily hemlock-hardwood forest dominated by hemlock, sugar maple, and yellow birch. There were some smaller areas of white and red pine forest scattered throughout the Ecological Landscape, and individual white pines trees were a component of the hemlock-hardwood forest. Harvesting hemlock to support the tanneries was common at the turn of the century, and the species soon became a minor component of forests due to over-harvesting and lack of regeneration. Currently, forests cover approximately 80% of this Ecological Landscape. The northern hardwood forest is dominant, made up of sugar maple, basswood, and red maple, and also including some scattered hemlock and white pine pockets within stands. The aspen-birch forest type group is also relatively abundant, followed by spruce-fir. A variety of wetland community types also are present, both forested and non-forested.

Date  2010

Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
3/24/2008
Waters Involved
Holcombe Flowage
Status
Complete

Lake Holcombe Improvement Association Inc.: Holcombe Ewm: Lake Holcombe Improvement Association proposes to contract with a certified applicator to treat approximately 17 acres of Lake Holcombe and Pine Lake as it enters Holcombe. Major project elements to include liquid herbacide (Weedar) injection.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
10/1/2006
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Friends Of Beaver Creek Reserve, Inc.: Regional Ais Specialist: The Friends of the Beaver Creek Reserve propose to establish a regional AIS outreach, monitoring and response function serving all lakes with public boat launches in Eau Claire, Chippewa, Dunn, Barron and Rusk counties over a three-year period. Major project elements to include: 1) Project coordination, 2) Field research, 3) Volunteer training and coordination. Project to be coordinated through the Citizen Science Center at the Beaver Creek Reserve, with significant additional funding through the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
10/1/2006
Waters Involved
Holcombe Flowage
Status
Complete

Friends Of Beaver Creek Reserve, Inc.: Regional Ais Specialist: The Friends of the Beaver Creek Reserve propose to establish a regional AIS outreach, monitoring and response function serving all lakes with public boat launches in Eau Claire, Chippewa, Dunn, Barron and Rusk counties over a three-year period. Major project elements to include: 1) Project coordination, 2) Field research, 3) Volunteer training and coordination. Project to be coordinated through the Citizen Science Center at the Beaver Creek Reserve, with significant additional funding through the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
10/1/2011
Waters Involved
Holcombe Flowage
Status
Complete

Lake Holcombe Improvement Association Inc.: Holcombe Ais Plan: The Lake Holcombe Improvement Association proposes to develop a lake management plan for Lake Holcombe in Chippewa County. Key project elements to include: 1) GPS lake survey and mapping, 2) Development of lake management plan, 3) Clean Boats, Clean Water activities, 4) Volunteer training, 5) Education and outreach events, 6) map, plan printing and distribution.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
10/1/2006
Waters Involved
Jump River
Status
Complete

Friends Of Beaver Creek Reserve, Inc.: Regional Ais Specialist: The Friends of the Beaver Creek Reserve propose to establish a regional AIS outreach, monitoring and response function serving all lakes with public boat launches in Eau Claire, Chippewa, Dunn, Barron and Rusk counties over a three-year period. Major project elements to include: 1) Project coordination, 2) Field research, 3) Volunteer training and coordination. Project to be coordinated through the Citizen Science Center at the Beaver Creek Reserve, with significant additional funding through the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
10/1/2006
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Friends Of Beaver Creek Reserve, Inc.: Regional Ais Specialist: The Friends of the Beaver Creek Reserve propose to establish a regional AIS outreach, monitoring and response function serving all lakes with public boat launches in Eau Claire, Chippewa, Dunn, Barron and Rusk counties over a three-year period. Major project elements to include: 1) Project coordination, 2) Field research, 3) Volunteer training and coordination. Project to be coordinated through the Citizen Science Center at the Beaver Creek Reserve, with significant additional funding through the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Research Grant
Date
4/1/2012
Waters Involved
Holcombe Flowage
Status
Complete

Golden Sands Rc&D: Weevil Rearing 2&3: Golden Sands RC&D proposes to continue it Milfoil Weevil Mass Rearing Study, building on past work on the Holcombe Flowage in Rusk and Chippewa Counties, and expanding its studies to Perch Lake Wissota in St. Croix County, and the Minong Flowage in Douglas and Washburn Counties. Major project elements to include: 1) Volunteer group training, 2) Weevil acquisition, rearing, and release 3) Sample collection and analysis, 4) development of a comprehensive biological control manual, and 5) Final report.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2008
Waters Involved
Axhandle Lake
Status
Complete

West Wisconsin Land Trust: Acq-Axe Handle Easement: WWLT is seeking $200,000 in Lake Protection Grant funding to contribute to the cost of a conservation easement designed to protect a 48.55-acre parcel on Axe Handle Lake from development into rural residential housing (up to 31 lots possible under current Chippewa Co. shoreland zoning). The easement would permanently restrict future development to no more than two residential lots, require that all stormwater from development be infiltrated prior to reaching the lake, and require maintenance of a 100-foot forested vegetative buffer to protect the lake's water quality and natural scenic beauty. The owners of the property have offered to donate the remaining value of the easement (est. $575,000). No public access is provided via the easement other than one educational tour per year. Hunting allowed by owners permission.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
5/15/1995
Waters Involved
Bass Lakes
Status
Complete

Chippewa: Acq-Bass Lakes/Tram Lake Acquisition-Galgano Property: Chippewa County will acquire 220 acres with frontage on Bass Lakes #1 and #2 and Tram Lake to protect the lake from residential development.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2002
Waters Involved
Butternut Lake
Status
Complete

Price County: Lmi-Phase Ii Butternut Wq Assessment/Modeling: The Price County Land Conservation Dept will sponsor a project which will collect all needed data to create a response model for Butternut Lake including a water budget, detailed phosphorus budget, lake water quality modeling and evaluation of groundwater impacts. Deliverables will include all data collected and a final report summarizing the findings.

DNR will be provided with a copy of reports and publications produced in both written and electronic (PDF) format. DNR will also be provided with a summary of all the efforts under this grant that are not included in reports or other written documents.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
5/15/1995
Waters Involved
Holcombe Flowage
Status
Complete

Lake Holcombe Improvement Association Inc.: Lmi-Lake Holcombe Aquatic Ecosystem Assessment: The Lake Holcombe Improvement Association, Inc. will conduct investigations to examine water quality conditions, nutrient/seston fluxes, aquatic macrophyte populations and water quality impacts of hydropower operations in Lake Holcombe. The relative importance o various internal and external nutrient loadings will be evaluated in relation to water quality conditions and phytoplankton biomass in the main basin of the lake and in backwater areas. Dissolved oxygen and stratification patterns in the lake and in the tailwaters in relation to discharged regimes will be evaluated. Variations in dissolved oxygen conditions, water residence time, and the exchange of nutrients/seston will be examined in selected backwaters in relation to dam operations. A bathymetric map will be developed for the lake to facilitate water quality modelling and drawdown impacts. A comprehensive aquatic macrophyte assessment will also be conducted.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2010
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Chippewa County: Lco-Shoreland Ordinance Rev.: Chippewa County proposes to amend or create a shoreland zoning ordinance that complies with the requirements of NR 115, Wisconsin Administrative Code (as revised effective February 1, 2010) and retain existing regulations that exceed the water resource protections of NR 115 or are specific or unique to local needs.

Project deliverables include: 1. Copies of any fact sheets or handouts created for public hearings. 2. A summary of the comments received at public hearings. 3. A certified copy of the County Board-approved updated shoreland ordinance or ordinance language (if integrated into other codes). 4. Any GIS maps of the shoreland zone or shoreland condition surveys related to the project.

Specific conditions for this Project: 1. The WDNR will be provided electronic and hard copies of all data and or reports or surveys generated as a result of this project.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2005
Waters Involved
Holcombe Flowage
Status
Complete

Friends Of Beaver Creek Reserve, Inc.: Holcombe Drawdown Recovery: The Friends of Beaver Creek Reserve propose to survey aquatic plant growth in Lake Holcombe, in Chippewa County, to see if elimination of regular winter drawdowns has contributed to increased aquatic plant health and diversity. Major project elements to include: 1) Aquatic plant sampling, 2) GIS map development, 3) Data evaluation, 4) Final report.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
2/15/2015
Waters Involved
Chippewa River
Status
Complete

Lake Holcombe Improvement Association Inc.: Hammit Bay Algae: The Lake Holcombe Improvement Association proposes to hire a consulting firm to design and document proposed installation of a culvert to increase water flow between Hammet Bay and Lake Holcombe, thus reducing potential growth of Blue Green Algae. Major project elements to include: 1) Consulting Services, 2) Final Report.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
2/15/2015
Waters Involved
Holcombe Flowage
Status
Complete

Lake Holcombe Improvement Association Inc.: Hammit Bay Algae: The Lake Holcombe Improvement Association proposes to hire a consulting firm to design and document proposed installation of a culvert to increase water flow between Hammet Bay and Lake Holcombe, thus reducing potential growth of Blue Green Algae. Major project elements to include: 1) Consulting Services, 2) Final Report.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
2/15/2015
Waters Involved
Jump River
Status
Complete

Lake Holcombe Improvement Association Inc.: Hammit Bay Algae: The Lake Holcombe Improvement Association proposes to hire a consulting firm to design and document proposed installation of a culvert to increase water flow between Hammet Bay and Lake Holcombe, thus reducing potential growth of Blue Green Algae. Major project elements to include: 1) Consulting Services, 2) Final Report.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Main Creek Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Action Migrated from WATERS
 
Date
Status
WRM should conduct a water quality standards review for the variance section of the South Fork of Main Creek .
1/1/2010
Proposed
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Culver/Red Cedar TMDL Manure Storage Project
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin?s waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a manure storage system, livestock fencing, roof runoff systems, and critical area stabilization.
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
 
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Monitor biology on WBIC: 2217300
Date
Status
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on Unnamed, WBIC: 2217300, AU:5736589
5/21/2016
Proposed
Projects
 
Permit Compliance Inventory
 
Date
Status
WRM and Fisheries should evaluate the impact of the Hawkins effluent on the downstream cold water fishery in the South Fork of Main Creek and if necessary develop an alternative maximum discharge rate to protect the fishery.
1/1/2010
Proposed
 
Runoff Evaluation
 
Date
Status
WR should analyze runoff on Main Creek and the Main Creek Watershed and update rankings for NPS priorities.
1/1/2010
Proposed
 
TMDL Implementation
Little Lake Wissota TMDL
Date
Status
Little Lake Wissota is a 400-acre eutrophic embayment of Lake Wissota, an impoundment of the Chippewa River near Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin (Hydrologic Unit Code 07050005, Wisconsin Waterbody Identification Code 2152800). The embayment has a maximum depth of 43 feet and a drainage area of approximately 67 square miles. Paint Creek is the primary source of surface water inflow to Little Lake Wissota. The Little Lake Wissota watershed is located in the North Central Hardwood Forest Ecoregion (Omernick and Gallant, 1988). This EPA Ecoregion is characterized by nearly level to rolling glacial till plains, significant agricultural land use and lakes with phosphorus concentrations greater than 50 ppb, indicative of eutrophic conditions. The lake was placed on the Wisconsin 303(d) impaired waters list in 1998 with a high priority ranking due to eutrophication and pH criteria exceedances. In addition, recreational uses are limited during the summer due to poor water quality from excess phosphorus (P) and sediment loading. Land cover in the watershed is primarily agricultural and forest. The goal of this TMDL is to reduce levels of phosphorus and sediment loading and decrease the extent and severity of summer algal blooms in Little Lake Wissota.
2/1/2007
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Main Creek WatershedWatershed History Note