Watershed - Duck Creek (LF05)
Duck Creek Watershed

Details

The watershed's 152 square mile (393 square kilometers) land area is 62 percent in Outagamie County with the remaining 38 percent in Brown County. Land use in the Duck Creek Watershed is predominately agricultural in the upstream portions with growing residential use in and near the Green Bay Metropolitan area. Overall water quality and stream habitat is rated poor to fair, with documented problems of sedimentation, phosphorus, filamentous algae, and heavy metals (Beaver Dam Creek). Streams in this watershed are partially meeting their potential uses due to pollution from nonpoint sources. Sedimentation and phosphorus from upland agricultural fields are the major sources of nonpoint pollution in the watershed. Upland areas account for well over 80 percent of the overall load. Eroding streambanks and improperly managed livestock operations are also contributors. In addition, land use changes in riparian and upland areas, in concert with the destruction of nearly 70 percent of the area's historical wetlands, have led to the `flashy' characteristics exhibited by area streams. Consistently low summer water levels and periods of `no flow' play a major role in limiting aquatic life throughout the watershed (WDNR 1997).

Date  1998

Nonpoint and Point Sources

There are two municipal point source dischargers and three industrial point source dischargers in the Duck Creek Watershed: Freedom Sanitary District No. 1, Sanger B Powers Correctional Center, Anamax, New Harvest Foods Inc and Provimi Inc. The Duck Creek Watershed was selected as a Priority Watershed Project (PWS) in 1994 and a Priority Watershed Plan was completed in 1997 (WDNR 1997). The Duck, Apple and Ashwaubenon Priority Watershed Project joined approximately 80 similar watershed projects statewide in which nonpoint source control measures are being planned and implemented. The plan was prepared cooperatively by the WDNR, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (WDATCP), the Brown County Land Conservation Department, and the Outagamie County Land Conservation Department, Oneida Nation Planning Department with assistance from the University of Wisconsin-Extension and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS).

Date  1998

Ecological Landscapes for Duck Creek Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Duck Creek Watershed lies primarily in the Central Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape which stretches from southern Door County west across Green Bay to the Wolf River drainage, then southward in a narrowing strip along the Lake Michigan shore to central Milwaukee County. Owing to the influence of Lake Michigan in the eastern part of this landscape, summers there are cooler, winters warmer, and precipitation levels greater than at locations farther inland. Dolomites and shales underlie the glacial deposits that blanket virtually all of the Central Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape. The dolomite Niagara Escarpment is the major bedrock feature, running across the entire landscape from northeast to southwest. Series of dolomite cliffs provide critical habitat for rare terrestrial snails, bats, and specialized plants. The primary glacial landforms are ground moraine, outwash, and lakeplain. The topography is generally rolling where the surface is underlain by ground moraine, variable over areas of outwash, and nearly level where lacustrine deposits are present. Important soils include clays, loams, sands, and gravels. Certain landforms, such as sand spits, clay bluffs, beach and dune complexes, and ridge and swale systems, are associated only with the shorelines of Lake Michigan and Green Bay. Historically, most of this landscape was vegetated with mesic hardwood forest composed primarily of sugar maple, basswood, and beech. Hemlock and white pine were locally important, but hemlock was generally restricted to cool moist sites near Lake Michigan. Areas of poorly drained glacial lakeplain supported wet forests of tamarack, white cedar, black ash, red maple, and elm, while the Wolf and Embarrass Rivers flowed through extensive floodplain forests of silver maple, green ash, and swamp white oak. Emergent marshes and wet meadows were common in and adjacent to lower Green Bay, while Lake Michigan shoreline areas featured beaches, dunes, interdunal wetlands, marshes, and highly diverse ridge and swale vegetation. Small patches of prairie and oak savanna were present in the southwestern portion of this landscape.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
ARRA Pass Through Project
Date
12/9/2009
Waters Involved
East River
Status
In_Progress

Arra 17 Brown County Targeted Performance Standards Grant 2p-00e73201: TMDL implementation planning for the Lower Fox, Plum, and East River Watersheds; contact with Brown Count LCD.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2015
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Outagamie County: Wagenson Farms: This grant provides funding and authorizes cost-share reimbursement by the department for the above named project as described in the grant application submitted for calendar year 2015 for the eligible best management practices listed below to address nonpoint sources of pollution. The cost-share reimbursement rate will be up to 70 % of the actual eligible installation costs, to the maximum amount contained in Part 2. Cost-share agreements (CSAs), with the appropriate operation and maintenance requirements, must be signed with any landowner involved if work is to be performed on privately owned land.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Construction
Date
9/18/2003
Waters Involved
Duck Creek
Status
Complete

Village Of Howard: Pond#3-Arch St/Duck Ck: to cost-share @50% design & construction of Pond #3 - Arch Street/Duck Creek


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Construction
Date
9/18/2003
Waters Involved
Duck Creek
Status
Complete

Village Of Howard: Pond#4-Vanguardway/Duck Ck: to cost-share @50% land acquisition, design & construction of Pond #4 -- Vangaurd Way @ Duck Creek


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Construction
Date
9/18/2003
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Village Of Howard: Pond#1-Bakers/Slough Cks: to cost-share @50% land acquisition, design & construction of Detention Pond #1 - Bakers Creek - Slough Creek


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Construction
Date
9/18/2003
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Village Of Howard: Pond#7-Telluride Trail/Slough Ck: to cost-share land acquisition, design & construction of Pond #7 - Telluride Trail/Slough Creek


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Construction
Date
1/1/2005
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Village Of Howard: Pond #8, Cutty Sark-Slough Creek: Design, construction and inspection of detention Pond #8, Cutty Sark - Slough Creek to reduce projected pollutant loading levels as stipulated in the grant application.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Planning
Date
8/10/2005
Waters Involved
Duck Creek
Status
Complete

Town Of Freedom: Storm Water Plan: To develop municipal runoff ordinances in compliance with Chapter NR151, map the area's drainage systems, develop a stormwater management plan, and provide for public involvement & education.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Duck Creek Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Best Management Practices, Implement
Outagamie County Nonpoint Source Pollution Reduction BMPs
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a manure storage system; heavy use area protection; roof runoff systems; subsurface drains; and wastewater treatment strips.
1/1/2018
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Apple Creek Watershed Large-scale TRM
Date
Status
This project promotes nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of the Apple Creek Watershed and was funded by the 319 grant.
1/1/2018
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Outagamie County Farm BMPs
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a manure storage system and a waste transfer system to remedy discharges of manure, sediment and phosphorus in runoff.
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Outagamie County Nonpoint Source Pollution Reduction BMPs
Date
Status
Outagamie County Nonpoint Source Pollution Reduction BMPs
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Outagamie County - Upper Duck Creek TMDL Implementation
Date
Status
This project is an installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin?s waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: critical area stabilization, filter strips, grade stabilization, cover and green manure cropping, residue management, riparian buffers, waterway systems, and water and sediment control systems to remedy discharges of manure, sediment and phosphorus in runoff entering waters of the state and address the following NR 151 Agricultural Performance Standards and Prohibitions:sheet, rill, and wind erosion; tillage setback; and phosphorus index.
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Outagamie County Nonpoint Source Pollution Reduction BMPs
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a manure storage system, a waste transfer system, and a milking center waste control system to remedy discharges of manure, sediment and phosphorus in runoff.
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Outagamie County Notice of Discharge
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will provide 70% cost-sharing to the grantee to assist landowner(s) / operator(s) in addressing the sources of direct runoff to an unnamed tributary of the Black River, as cited in the Notice of Discharge.
5/23/2016
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Bellevue Urban Storm Water Plan Update
Date
Status
This project is an installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin?s waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Storm water planning activities will be undertaken by the municipality and will result in the following products: updated storm water management plan for the developed urban area and updated storm water management plan for new development.
1/1/2016
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Outagamie County Beef Farm BMPs
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a manure storage system, a barnyard runoff control system, roof runoff systems, underground outlets, a waste transfer system, and wastewater treatment strips.
1/1/2016
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Scott TMDL Storm Water Management Plan
Date
Status
This project promotes nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Storm water planning activities will be undertaken by the municipality and will result in the following products: updated construction erosion control ordinance, updated storm water ordinance for new development and re-development, updated low impact development/conservation subdivision ordinance, updated ordinances that affect runoff from the developed urban area, updated storm water financing mechanism, updated storm water management plan for the developed urban area, and updated storm water management plan for new development.
1/1/2016
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Outagamie County - Plum & Kankapot Creeks
Date
Status
This project is an installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant.
1/1/2015
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Greenville - Rain Garden Retrofits
Date
Status
This project is an installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin?s waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: rain garden retrofits.
1/1/2015
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Control Streambank Erosion
Garners Creek - Buchanan Road Stream Restoration
Date
Status
Garners Creek - Buchanan Road Stream Restoration
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
409700 name Duck Creek TMDL ID 117 Start Mile 25.69 End Mile 32.9
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
409700 name Duck Creek TMDL ID 116 Start Mile 0 End Mile 4.96
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Targeted Watershed Area (TWA)
Apple-Duck-Ashwaubenon-West Plum
Date
Status
Apple-Duck-Ashwaubenon-West Plum (319 Project, SP12/WQ10) [HUC12] TWA
2/10/2015
In Progress
Projects
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Duck Creek Biology mIBI
Date
Status
Only assessment result is "poor". Further monitoring recommended. AU: 3884932; Station ID: 10015591
5/1/2018
Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Unnamed Tributary to Duck Creek Bioloby fIBI
Date
Status
Category 3 water with a single 'Poor' fIBI. Further monitoring recommended. AU: 6853613; Station ID: 10044060
5/1/2018
Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Trout Creek TP
Date
Status
Category 3. 2018 TP Results: May Exceed. Station: 10041583. AU: 10853.
1/1/2018
Proposed
Projects
 
Nine Key Element Plan
Upper Duck Creek PWS Plan - Nine Key Element Plan
Date
Status
Upper Duck Creek PWS Plan - Nine Key Element Plan - The Upper Duck Creek Watershed is a subwatershed of the Lower Fox River Basin and is located in east central Wisconsin in Outagamie County. Duck Creek starts in the Town of Black Creek, flows through the Town of Center, Osborn, Freedom, and Oneida before flowing into the Bay of Green Bay in Hobart. Excessive sediment loads and increased algal blooms in the Lower Fox River and Bay of Green Bay prompted the need for action to be taken in the Lower Fox River Basin. A Total Maximum Daily Load was approved for the Lower Fox River and Lower Green Bay and its tributaries in 2012. The development of implementation plans for the subwatersheds of the Lower Fox River Basin are necessary to meet the assigned daily loads of the TMDL.
5/1/2016
In Progress
Projects
 
Sewer Service Area Planning
Brown County Planning
Date
Status
BCPC 2017 WQM Planning contract.
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
 
Stormwater Planning, Implementation
Harrison - Stormwater Planning
Date
Status
This project promotes nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin?s waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Storm water planning activities will be undertaken by the municipality and will result in the following products: other new ordinances that affect runoff from the developed urban area; development and implementation of a new financing mechanism for funding the storm water program; updated storm water management plan for the entire developed urban area; and a new storm water management plan for new development.
1/1/2018
In Progress
Projects
 
Stormwater Planning, Implementation
UW Green Bay - Board of Regents MS4 Renewal
Date
Status
This project promotes nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Storm water planning activities will be undertaken by the municipality and will result in the following products: updated storm water management plan for the developed urban area and updated storm water management plan for new development.
1/1/2016
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
TMDL Development
 
Date
Status
This proposal will help County staff implement actions related to the Clean Water Act and DNR?s targeted performance standards for nonpoint source pollution.
12/9/2009
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Duck Creek WatershedWatershed History Note