Watershed - Middle Trempealeau River (BT02)
Middle Trempealeau River Watershed

Details

The Middle Trempealeau River Watershed is approximately 131,498 acres in size and consists of 490 miles of streams and rivers, 397 acres of lakes, and 5,115 acres of wetlands. The watershed is dominated by forest and agriculture and ranked high for nonpoint source issues affecting groundwater in the watershed.

Date  1991

Nonpoint and Point Sources

This watershed and additional portions of adjacent watersheds were selected in 1989 as a priority watershed project in the Wisconsin Nonpoint Source Pollution Abatement Program. A priority watershed plan will be completed in 1991 and will be amended to this plan at the time it is completed.

Date  1991

Ecological Landscapes for Middle Trempealeau River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

This watershed is located in the Western Coulee and Ridges Ecological Landscape in southwestern and west central Wisconsin and is characterized by its highly eroded, driftless topography and relatively extensive forested landscape. Soils are silt loams (loess) and sandy loams over sandstone residuum over dolomite. Several large rivers including the Wisconsin, Mississippi, Chippewa, Kickapoo and Black flow through or border the Ecological Landscape. Historical vegetation consisted of southern hardwood forests, oak savanna, scattered prairies, and floodplain forests and marshes along the major rivers. With Euro-American settlement, most of the land on ridgetops and valley bottoms was cleared of oak savanna, prairie, and level forest for agriculture. The steep slopes between valley bottom and ridgetop, unsuitable for raising crops, grew into oak-dominated forests after the ubiquitous presettlement wildfires were suppressed. Current vegetation is a mix of forest (40%), agriculture, and grassland with some wetlands in the river valleys. The primary forest cover is oak-hickory (51%) dominated by oak species and shagbark hickory. Maple-basswood forests (28%), dominated by sugar maple, basswood and red maple, are common in areas that were not subjected to repeated presettlement wildfires. Bottomland hardwoods (10%) are common in the valley bottoms of major rivers and are dominated by silver maple, ashes, elms, cottonwood, and red maple. Relict conifer forests including white pine, hemlock and yellow birch are a rarer natural community in the cooler, steep, north slope microclimates.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2010
Waters Involved
Bensel Pond
Status
Complete

Buffalo County: Lco-Shoreland Ordinance Rev.: Buffalo County proposes to amend or create a shoreland zoning ordinance that complies with the requirements of NR 115, Wisconsin Administrative Code (as revised effective February 1, 2010) and retain existing regulations that exceed the water resource protections of NR 115 or are specific or unique to local needs.

Project deliverables include: 1. Copies of any fact sheets or handouts created for public hearings. 2. A summary of the comments received at public hearings. 3. A certified copy of the County Board-approved updated shoreland ordinance or ordinance language (if integrated into other codes). 4. Any GIS maps of the shoreland zone or shoreland condition surveys related to the project.

Specific conditions for this Project: The WDNR will be provided electronic and hard copies of all data and or reports or surveys generated as a result of this project.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2010
Waters Involved
Elk Creek
Status
Complete

Trempealeau County: Lco-Shoreland Ordinance Rev.: Treampealeau County proposes to amend or create a shoreland zoning ordinance that complies with the requirements of NR 115, Wisconsin Administrative Code (as revised effective February 1, 2010) and retain existing regulations that exceed the water resource protections of NR 115 or are specific or unique to local needs.

Project deliverables include: 1. Copies of any fact sheets or handouts created for public hearings. 2. A summary of the comments received at public hearings. 3. A certified copy of the County Board-approved updated shoreland ordinance or ordinance language (if integrated into other codes). 4. Any GIS maps of the shoreland zone or shoreland condition surveys related to the project.

Specific conditions for this Project: 1. The WDNR will be provided electronic and hard copies of all data and or reports or surveys generated as a result of this project.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2009
Waters Involved
Martha Lake
Status
Complete

City Of Osseo: Res-Martha Restoration: The City of Osseo proposes to restore shoreline on six properties along Lake Martha in Trempealeau County. Major project elements to include: 1) Revegetation of shoreline with native plants, 2) removal of sea walls and restabalization of the shoreline.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2009
Waters Involved
South Fork Buffalo River
Status
Complete

City Of Osseo: Res-Martha Restoration: The City of Osseo proposes to restore shoreline on six properties along Lake Martha in Trempealeau County. Major project elements to include: 1) Revegetation of shoreline with native plants, 2) removal of sea walls and restabalization of the shoreline.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
5/15/1995
Waters Involved
Wazee Lake
Status
Complete

Jackson County: Res-Wazee Lake Stormwater Drainage & Fish Habitat Improvement: Jackson County will initiate the first phase of improvements to the Wazee Lake shoreland that will improve water access, expand recreation opportunities, enhance fish habitat, and restore wetland complexes for lake protection.

Further detail is provided on the attached project cost estimate worksheet, Form 8700-244.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2013
Waters Involved
Henry Lake
Status
Complete

City Of Blair: Henry Mgmt. Plan: The City of Blair proposes to contract for collection of data and development of a Comprehensive Lake Management Plan for Lake Henry in Trempealeau County. Major project elements to include: 1) Aquatic plant survey, 2) Review of existing data, 3) Implementation of Best Management Practices, 4) Shoreland restoration, 5) Community involvement, 6) AIS monitoring, and 7) Bathymentric mapping.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2013
Waters Involved
Trempealeau River
Status
Complete

City Of Blair: Henry Mgmt. Plan: The City of Blair proposes to contract for collection of data and development of a Comprehensive Lake Management Plan for Lake Henry in Trempealeau County. Major project elements to include: 1) Aquatic plant survey, 2) Review of existing data, 3) Implementation of Best Management Practices, 4) Shoreland restoration, 5) Community involvement, 6) AIS monitoring, and 7) Bathymentric mapping.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2011
Waters Involved
Henry Lake
Status
Complete

City Of Blair: Henry Strategic Plan: The City of Blair proposes to initiate development of a lake management plan for Lake Henry in Trempealeau County. Major project elements to include: a) public informational meetings, b) community/lake user survey, and c) strategic plan/final report.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
8/1/2005
Waters Involved
Trempealeau River
Status
Complete

Trempealeau County Land Conservation Dept: 303d List Voluntary: To cost-share installation of practices designed to assist livestock producers in achieving compliance with Wisconsin's agriculatural performance standards.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Construction
Date
1/1/2002
Waters Involved
Turton Creek
Status
Complete

City Of Arcadia: Tid4 Stormwater Detention Pond: to cost-share @50% design & construction of the TID#4 Stormwater Detention Pond


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Middle Trempealeau River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Best Management Practices, Implement
Buffalo County Feed Storage
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin?s waters and was funded by the 319 grant. The grantee will implement practices to address agricultural nonpoint sources of pollution through the installation of Best Management Practices (BMPs) addressing sediment and nutrient loading and violations of the NR 151 Agricultural Performance Standards and Prohibitions. Specifically, the grantee will implement: access roads and cattle crossings; and a feed storage runoff control system.
1/1/2018
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Trempealeau County Waste Storage
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a manure storage system; a waste transfer system; heavy use area protection; livestock fencing; a feed storage runoff control system; streambank and shoreline protection; and streambank and shoreline protection.
1/1/2018
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Trempealeau Co Livestock Barnyard Runoff Control Facility
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a barnyard runoff control system; heavy use area protection; roofing; and streambank and shoreline protection.
1/1/2018
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Buffalo County Manure Storage
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. The grantee will implement practices to address agricultural nonpoint sources of pollution through the installation of Best Management Practices (BMPs) addressing sediment and nutrient loading and violations of the NR 151 Agricultural Performance Standards and Prohibitions. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a waste transfer system; a barnyard runoff control system; animal trails and walkways; and animal trails and walkways critical area stabilization.
1/1/2018
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Trempealeau County Animal Waste Storage Facility
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a manure storage system and heavy use area protection to remedy discharges of manure, sediment and phosphorus in runoff.
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Trempealeau County Animal Waste Storage
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a manure storage system, heavy use area protection, livestock fencing, and a waste transfer system to remedy discharges of manure, sediment and phosphorus in runoff.
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Trempealeau Co Livestock Barnyard Runoff Control Facility
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a barnyard runoff control system, heavy use area protection, roofing, and livestock fencing to remedy discharges of manure, sediment and phosphorus in runoff.
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Buffalo County Barnyard Feedlot
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a barnyard runoff control system, critical area stabilization, and diversions to address the NR 151 Agricultural Performance Standards and Prohibitions.
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Best Management Practices, Implement
Buffalo County Manure Management
Date
Status
This project is a landowner installation of nonpoint source best management practices to contribute to the restoration of Wisconsin's waters and was funded by the 319 grant. Specifically, the grantee will implement: a manure storage system to address the following NR 151 Agricultural Performance Standards and Prohibitions:manure storage facilities-new/significant alterations, process wastewater handling, prevention of unconfined manure piles in water quality management, and prevention of direct runoff from a feedlot or stored manure into waters of the state.
1/1/2017
In Progress
Projects
 
Dam Safety or Removal
 
Date
Status
Blair should consider dam removal as a future management option in lieu of costly dam repairs and recurrent dredging, weighing the benefits of a streamside park against the cost of maintaining a millpond (Type C).
1/1/2010
Proposed
 
Lakes Planning Grant
 
Date
Status
DNR should continue to support the City of Independence’s efforts to address the water quality and sediment deposition problems at Bugle Lake through the use of TRM grants, lake/river planning and lake/river management grants.
7/14/2010
Proposed
 
Lakes Planning Grant
 
Date
Status
A citizen volunteer lake monitoring program, discontinued in 1989, should be reinitiated at Bugle Lake.
7/14/2010
Proposed
 
Lakes Protection Grant
 
Date
Status
A citizen volunteer lake monitoring program, discontinued in 1989, should be reinitiated at Bugle Lake.
7/21/2010
Proposed
 
Lakes Protection Grant
 
Date
Status
A citizen volunteer lake monitoring program, discontinued in 1989, should be reinitiated at Bugle Lake.
7/21/2010
Proposed
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
1769900 name Trempealeau River TMDL ID 489 Start Mile 0 End Mile 31.28
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Monitor Turton Creek for fish/bugs
Date
Status
Modeled NC is incorrect, verified as coldwater in 2013 by Mark Hazuga. Other surveys indicate natural community is coldwater, but numbers are very low. Needs follow up monitoring.
8/21/2019
Proposed
 
Monitor and/or Protect Groundwater, Sourcewater
 
Date
Status
WDNR staff should continue to encourage communities to develop wellhead protection plans in the Watershed and the whole basin.
7/1/2010
Proposed
Projects
 
Restore Wetlands
 
Date
Status
The use of DNR and federal grants should be used to assess the conditions of the wetland within the watershed following the implementation of the 2011 Federal EPA EMAP study.
7/23/2010
Proposed
 
Restore Wetlands
 
Date
Status
The use of DNR and federal grants should be used to assess the conditions of the wetland within the watershed following the implementation of the 2011 Federal EPA EMAP study.
7/23/2010
Proposed
 
TMDL Development
Middle Trempealeau TMDL
Date
Status
The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) developed six sediment TMDLs for six segments in the Middle Trempealeau River watershed. The TMDLs address the sediment impacts and impairments which were identified on the Wisconsin 1998 303(d) list. The segments were ranked as medium or low priority on the Wisconsin 1998 303(d) list. The waterbody segments are located in Trempealeau and Buffalo Counties, Wisconsin.
7/1/2006
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
TMDL Development
Waumandee TMDL
Date
Status
The Waumandee Creek Watershed is located in Buffalo County, Wisconsin. The Waumandee Creek Watershed drains 204 square miles and is characterized by steep topography, narrow valleys and numerous streams.Surface water drains to the Mississippi River by direct runoff or via Waumandee Creek and its tributaries. Temperature and sediment impairments are found in Buell Valley Creek, Cochrane Ditch (Rose Valley), Irish Valley Creek, Jahns Valley Creek, Weiland Valley Creek. Coverage of the substrates with sediment constitutes ?an objectionable deposit? under the water quality standards criterion noted in S.NR 102.04(1) (a) cited below. The creeks are limited by excessive sediment loading and habitat unsuitable to support a coldwater fishery.
3/1/2006
In Progress
Projects
Documents
 
Wastewater Monitoring or Management
 
Date
Status
The Whitehall WWTP, in recognition of loading from an industrial contributor, should work with local industries to reduce phosphorus loading to achieve compliance with phosphorus discharge limit.
7/1/2010
Proposed
 
Middle Trempealeau River WatershedWatershed History Note

Arcadia was founded and settled by four men from Dodge County, Wisconsin: Collins Bishop, George Dewey, George Shelley and James Broughton. In 1856, the settlers petitioned to become a town. They needed a name for the new town, which up until this time had been called Bishop's Settlement, for its founder, or Barntown, for the many barns built by the early settlers. At a meeting, the women of the settlement were given the privilege of naming the town. Mrs. David Bishop offered the name Arcadia, which had been suggested to her by Noah Comstock. Comstock, a well travelled resident, said that the area reminded him of the mountain region of far away Greece, where the Arcadian peasants led a life of simple contentment amidst their wild surroundings. At the first town meeting, in the Spring of 1857, Bishop was elected chairman. The first school was started that year, with Sarah McMasters the first teacher. George Shelley opened a store, and Albro C. Matterson started a blacksmith shop the next year, 1858. Dr. Briggs and David Massuere began work on a flour mill in 1860, but all development slowed to a crawl while the Civil War raged, and the mill didn't begin operation until after the war. By 1867 times began to improve leading up a big boost in 1873 with the completion of the Green Bay and Lake Pepin Railroad. There was some difficulty planning the railroad's route. Its final placement along the Trempealeau River caused the town of Arcadia to move from the original upper town to the lower town where it is located today. The story is told that part of the reason for the final location of the railroad was that the person that owned the land in lower Arcadia gave the railroad the right of way so that the rest of his land would become more valuable. Arcadia has suffered from regular flooding ever since. The railroad was important to the growth of Arcadia and still plays an important role in its continued prosperity.

Date  2010