Fish and Aquatic Life
Entire stream (class 2).
Author Aquatic Biologist
Martinsville Creek is a tributary to the Platte River west of Livingston. It is considered to a class II trout stream for two miles of its length (WDNR, 1980). Nonpoint sources of pollution, particularly barnyard runoff and overgrazing of stream banks, impair its uses. Improved land management practices would improve instream water quality conditions, fish populations and instream habitat. Martinsville Creek was added to the state’s impaired streams list in 1998 due to problems resulting from nonpoint source pollution. Nonpoint source best management practices, particularly stream buffer corridors and managed grazing, would help protect and improve the stream
Author Aquatic Biologist
Below Rock Church Road S15, T5N, R1W (class 2)
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
From: Smith, Tom D., and Ball, Joseph R., Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of Grant County, Department of Natural Resources, 1972. Surface Area = 2.23 acres, Length = 4.6 miles, Gradient = 46 ft/mile. Flow = 1.7 c.f.s.
A spring-fed stream beginning one mile north of Livingston and flowing west to enter tte upper reaches of the Platte River. This stream is known locally as "Martinsville Branch". Several excellent springs enter the stream along its length and many deep pools can be found throughout the stream. Water quality is good for both cold and warmwater fish species although several barnyards and pigpens located near the headwaters cause some pollution problemes. Brown trout are found throughout the stream and a few "lunkers" have been caught. Some natural reproduction does occur. Smallmouth bass are found in the lower reaches and also show good reproduction. Forage species are common throughout. Fishing pressure is very light. Aquatic game assets include muskrat, beaver, mink, and an occasional puddle duck. A large beaver dam impounds the stream near the mouth. Upland game varieties are commonly seen nearby. Four bridges provide access to the upper reaches but access is quite difficult on the lower portions. Four dwellings are located along the banks.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Martinville Creek (955100) was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; temperature data exceeded 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. Total phosphorus sample data exceed 2016 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use and biological impairment was observed (i.e. at least one macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the poor condition category).
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) developed TMDLs for TSS and phosphorus for Martin Branch, Martinville Creek, and Rogers Branch in Grant County, Wisconsin.
Implementation Plan is needed.
Martin Branch, Martinville Creek, and Rogers Branch are impaired streams in the Grant-Platte River Basin in southwestern Wisconsin (Grant County). The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) placed a number of stream segments from each stream on the Wisconsin 303(d) impaired waters list as high priority due to degraded habitat caused by excessive sedimentation (the deposition of sediment) and low dissolved oxygen caused by high phosphorus concentrations. Due to excessive sedimentation in Martin Branch, Martinville Creek, and Rogers Branch and excessive phosphorus in Rogers Branch, these waterbodies are not currently meeting applicable narrative water quality criterion as defined in NR 102.04 (1); Wisconsin Administrative Code.
Martinville Creek TMDL 1-year monitoring. Martinville TMDL Monitoring resulted in written TMDL which was approved by the USEPA.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|955100||Martinville Creek||223350||Martinville Creek - Rock Church Road||4/28/2005||10/10/2006||Map||Data|
|955100||Martinville Creek||10031309||Martinville Creek||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|955100||Martinville Creek||10012794||Martinville Creek||Map||Data|
|955100||Martinville Creek||10012735||Martinville Creek - Stocking (atRock Church Rd)||4/10/2006||4/10/2006||Map||Data|
|955100||Martinville Creek||10012223||Martinville Creek At Drewry Property||5/10/2005||4/10/2006||Map||Data|
Martinville Creek is located in the Platte River watershed which is 197.74 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily grassland (43.30%), agricultural (30.70%) and a mix of forest (19%) and other uses (7.00%). This watershed has 455.07 stream miles, 21.45 lake acres and 1,303.48 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.