Fish and Aquatic Life
This small spring fed tributary to the East Branch Pecatonica River is a Class II trout stream (WDNR, 1980). We assume water quality is good, but sediment is a problem in the stream. Cattle grazing occurs on the streambanks in some locations (WDNR, 19921).
Author Aquatic Biologist
This is a spring fed stream which begins on the Military Ridge and flows southerly into the upper section of the East Branch of the Pecatonica River. The creek is classified as a Class II trout fishery for the lower 4.9 miles of its 7 mile length. Brown trout have been stocked through 2000. The stream was last surveyed in 1980.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Williams Creek (Barneveld) - Mouth location T6N R5E Section 34 -6, Surface area = 5.3 acres, Length =-4.9 miles, Gradient = 32.6 feet per mile, Total alkalinity = 270.0 mg/l, Volume of flow = 1.4 cfs.
Williams Creek is a spring fed stream which begins on the Military Ridge and flows southerly into the upper section of the East Branch of the Pecatonica River. Although its gradient is not extreme, about 95 percent of its watershed is cleared for farming. Land use contributes to floods and subsequent bank erosion. The sport fishery is principally smallmouth bass and brown trout are stocked annually. Some pumpkinseed panfish are also present. Forage fishes consist of bluntnose and stoneroller minnows, common shiners, redbelly dace, creek chubs, hornyhead chubs, northern redhorse, stonecats, white suckers, and hogsuckers. Aquatic game assets are limited to some muskrats in areas where bank cover and deeper water exist. There are no public lands but the stream is accessible from two road crossings.
From: Piening, Ronald and Threinen, C.W., 1968. Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of
Iowa County, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Restore Hydrology, Morphology
The Prairie Enthusiasts will sponsor a project to restore the Williams-Barneveld stream channel and floodplain located within the Military Ridge Prairie Heritage Area to pre-European settlement condition. Project deliverables include: 1) continuing stream baseline geomorphology study, completion of soil borings to determine depth of alluvial depositions and ground water hydrology, completion of cross sections of stream channel and floodplain for engineering plans, continuation of herptile surveys for baseline information, completion of a vegetation survey of excavation area not in agriculture for saving to re-vegetate with local genotypes, excavation of floodplains deposition exposing the historic floodplain soil, establishment of native wet prairie/wetland vegetation on floodplain and streambank and continuation of monitoring to measure project success.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|915100||Williams-Barneveld Creek||253095||Williams Creek - Above East Branch Pecatoni||5/2/1980||5/2/1980||Map||Data|
|915100||Williams-Barneveld Creek||10012833||Williams-Barneveld Creek- Prairie Grove Rd||4/22/2005||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|915100||Williams-Barneveld Creek||10014267||Williams-Barneveld Creek-100ft Upstream Hwy K||Map||Data|
|915100||Williams-Barneveld Creek||10021403||Williams-Barneveld - Confluence Of E. Br. Pecatonica||1/1/2015||10/14/2020||Map||Data|
|915100||Williams-Barneveld Creek||10048690||Shea Prairie Wetland Site - Wet Prairie||7/28/2016||7/28/2016||Map||Data|
|915100||Williams-Barneveld Creek||10031460||Williams-Barneveld Creek 1000 ft E of E. Brigham Rd 1000 ft S of Hwy 18||Map||Data|
|915100||Williams-Barneveld Creek||10020973||Williams-Barneveld Creek At Mounds View Road||6/15/2007||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|915100||Williams-Barneveld Creek||10012832||Williams-Barneveld Creek||Map||Data|
Williams-Barneveld Creek is located in the Upper East Branch Pecatonica River watershed which is 140.18 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily grassland (52.10%), agricultural (22.10%) and a mix of forest (20.70%) and other uses (5.10%). This watershed has 395.65 stream miles, 61.72 lake acres and 834.33 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.