Fish and Aquatic Life
Duck Creek flows from Goose Lake to the Bark River in eastern Jefferson County. Agricultural ditching of the stream and some of its tributaries has altered its hydrology. Though Duck Creek is a low gradient stream, it supports a diverse forage and sport fishery. More than 3,000 acres of wetland adjoin it, providing a significant buffer from polluted runoff except for an area west of Sullivan that was ditched and diverted from its original channel. A tributary to Duck Creek from the Sullivan wastewater treatment plant is currently listed as a variance water in NR 104.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Duck Creek was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on Duck Creek, WBIC: 823300, AU:11747
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|823300||Duck Creek||283229||Duck Creek - Hagedom Rd||Map||Data|
|823300||Duck Creek||10012039||Duck Creek - Upstream Of Betschler Rd.||9/29/1998||9/29/1998||Map||Data|
|823300||Duck Creek||10032552||Duck Creek at Hwy F||7/23/2013||9/16/2015||Map||Data|
|823300||Duck Creek||10038254||Duck Creek at Straude Road||8/24/2012||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|823300||Duck Creek||10043870||Duck Creek at Hwy Y||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|823300||Duck Creek||283294||Duck Creek at Betschler Rd||6/16/1998||10/28/2004||Map||Data|
|823300||Duck Creek||283031||Duck Creek at Ush 18||8/13/1992||8/13/1992||Map||Data|
Duck Creek is located in the Bark River watershed which is 185.84 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (29.90%), wetland (22.40%) and a mix of forest (15.20%) and other uses (32.50%). This watershed has 265.69 stream miles, 3,499.26 lake acres and 22,145.94 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.