Fish and Aquatic Life
Boot Lake is a landlocked 9.7-acre seepage lake that drains a 0.24 square mile watershed. During high
water periods it is connected to Long Lake in Manitowoc County. The maximum depth is 15 feet and the mean depth is 6 feet. There is 0.62 miles of shoreline of which 0.1 miles are publicly owned. Northern pike, largemouth bass, and panfish comprise the fishery. The lake winterkills every three to five years and a knowledgeable lake resident stated that game fish have never been seen in the lake (Kamke 1995). It does support an abundant minnow population. Historically, yellow perch have survived to a large size (Meyers 1974).
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1971, Surface Water Resources of Calumet County Boot Lake, T19N, R20E, Sec. 1(4), Area = 9.7 acres, Maximum Depth = 15 feet, Secchi Disk = 1.0 feet.
Boot Lake is a landlocked seepage basin containing turbid hard water. During high water periods Boot Lake is connected to Long Lake in Manitowoc County. Nutrient-rich runoff water from a predominantly agricultural watershed is largely responsible for heavy algae blooms commonly seen on this lake. At present most of the shoreline is either pastured or under cultivation. In 1965, Boot Lake was treated with a pesticide to eliminate the undesirable fish population then present. Subsequently the lake was restocked while perch and black bullhead have been reintroduced into the system since eradication. This lake is subject to frequent winterkill. Low numbers of migrant diving and puddle ducks are present during spring and fall. Silt is the major littoral bottom material. Developments consist of two homes and a public boat launching facility with limited parking.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
The 2018 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus of Boot Lake (WBIC 77600); total phosphorus and chlorophyll-a sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing was needed.
Author Ashley Beranek
Boot Lake (WBIC 77600) was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; total phosphorus and chlorophyll sample data exceed 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Nutrient Budget Development
Calumet County proposes to quantify and compartmentalize nutrient budgets for the four lakes situated along the Calumet/Manitowoc County boarder which includes Round, Becker, Boot, and Long Lakes through in-lake, tributary, groundwater and watershed monitoring and modeling.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|77600||Boot Lake||10003558||Boot Lake||7/27/1999||8/30/2017||Map||Data|
|77600||Boot Lake||083043||Boot Lake - Deepest Part||5/1/1979||9/18/2017||Map||Data|
Boot Lake is located in the North Branch Manitowoc River watershed which is 76.97 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (61.80%), grassland (16%) and a mix of wetland (14.60%) and other uses (7.50%). This watershed has 129.77 stream miles, 292.80 lake acres and 7,389.45 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.