English Lake, Sevenmile and Silver Creeks Watershed (MA01)
English Lake, Sevenmile and Silver Creeks Watershed (MA01)
English Lake (68100)
47.95 Acres
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin Natural Communities.
Deep Seepage
Year Last Monitored
This is the most recent date of monitoring data stored in SWIMS. Additional surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2019
Poor
 
This lake is impaired
Impairment Unknown
Total Phosphorus
 
Manitowoc
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
No
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
No
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
Yes

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
Deep Seepage
Deep seepage lake describes the depth and hydrologic charactertistics of the lake. These variables affect the lakes response to watershed variables.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - waters that do not have a specific use designation subcategory assigned but which are considered fishable, swimmable waters.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Default FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - Default Waters do not have a specific use designation subcategory but are considered fishable, swimmable waters.

Overview

English Lake is a small, deep seepage lake in the outwash plain west of Newton. Silver Creek originates at English Lake. The lake covers 51 acres and has a maximum depth of 80 feet. The lake supports a viable warm/cool water fishery that includes largemouth bass and northern pike. Walleye stocking occurs in alternating years. Volunteers sample English Lake as part of the self-help monitoring program.

English Lake received a high ranking using the nonpoint source criteria developed for lakes and is therefore eligible as a Priority Lake Project under the nonpoint source program. Using the phosphorus classification scheme, English Lake falls into Class 1B. The lake's water quality is threatened by agricultural runoff that results in dense algal blooms during the open water season. A few fields are tiled to the lake edge, which would add to the runoff problem. Best management practices implemented in this lake's watershed would protect the lake's viable fishery and its aesthetic value.

English Lake is a high priority for sensitive area designation. Sensitive areas are areas of aquatic vegetation offering critical or unique fish and wildlife habitat, water quality protection, or erosion control benefits to the lake. Refer to the Aquatic Plant Management Program in the Lakes Report for additional information on sensitive area designation. The Bureau of Research collected a sediment core from the lake in the summer of 1991. The information from this core provided an important historical perspective of the lake's changing trophic status when tied to known landuse changes.
Lake Planning Grants were awarded to English Lake in 1991 and 1992 to complete the following:

* Determine lake water quality.
* Identify cause(s) of water quality problems.
* Increase awareness of property owners regarding water quality problems.
* Map and identify aquatic plant communities.

WDNR staff working with Wisconsin DOT personnel helped purchase and implement a detention pond that has improved water quality by protecting the lake from agricultural runoff. Sensitive upland areas have been defined through the planning grant process and existing priority watershed programs.

Date  2002

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Historical Description

Source: 1968, Surface Water Resources of Manitowoc County English Lake, T18N, R23E, Section 7 Surface acres - 51, S.D.F. = 1.12, Maximum depth = 80 feet.

A small, deep, seepage lake in the outwash plain west of Newtonburgh. The water is clear, hard and alkaline. The bottom is primarily muck. Silver Creek intermittently drains the lake at the southwest corner. The lake is managed for largemouth bass, panfish, and walleyes. Considerable shoreline development has taken place with approximately 37 dwellings on the lake. Public access is available via a town road. There is one boat rental. Blue-wing teal nest here during favorable years, and during the fall moderate numbers of waterfowl visit the area. Hunting is permitted.

Date  1968

Author   Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin

English Lake, Sevenmile and Silver Creeks Watershed (MA01) Fish and Aquatic LifeEnglish Lake, Sevenmile and Silver Creeks Watershed (MA01) RecreationEnglish Lake, Sevenmile and Silver Creeks Watershed (MA01) Fish Consumption

General Condition

English Lake (68100) was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; chlorophyll sample data were clearly below 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Total phosphorus sample data were clearly below FAL use listing thresholds and did not exceed REC listing thresholds. This water is meeting these designated uses and is not considered impaired.

Date  2015

Author  Ashley Beranek

General Condition

English Lake received a high ranking using the nonpoint source criteria developed for lakes and is therefore eligible as a Priority Lake Project under the nonpoint source program. Using the phosphorus classification scheme, English Lake falls into Class 1B. The lake's water quality is threatened by agricultural runoff that results in dense algal blooms during the open water season. A few fields are tiled to the lake edge, which would add to the runoff problem. Best management practices implemented in this lake's watershed would protect the lake's viable fishery and its aesthetic value.

English Lake is a high priority for sensitive area designation. Sensitive areas are areas of aquatic vegetation offering critical or unique fish and wildlife habitat, water quality protection, or erosion control benefits to the lake. Refer to the Aquatic Plant Management Program in the Lakes Report for additional information on sensitive area designation.

The WDNR Research staff collected a sediment core from the lake in the summer of 1991. The information from this core would provide a historical perspective of lake's tropic status, but it has not been analyzed to date. This technique has proven useful for the management and understanding of other lake systems in Wisconsin.

Date  1997

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Impaired Waters

English Lake (WBIC 68100) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; total phosphorus sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Chlorophyll-a sample data clearly met the REC and FAL use thresholds. This lake was proposed for total phosphorus listing on the 2018 list and was considered impaired.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

Condition

Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.

Reports

Recommendations

Lake Management Plan Development
Watershed Mapping or Assessment
33539236
Shoreland Monitoring, Assessment, Inventory
Shoreland Monitoring, Assessment or Inventory
Monitor Invasive Species
Watershed Mapping or Assessment
33539236
Lake Management Plan Development
33539233
Lake Management Plan Development
33539236
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Restore Wetlands
English Lake P&R District proposes to restore ecological functionality on approximately 9 acres of land located on the north end of English lake. The objectives include establishing an oak savannah type of upland drainage area on old farmland., restoring wetland functions to a wooded ephemeral wetland, and integrate the project site with educational initiatives while partnering with Manitowoc Co Soil and Water Conservation, and Manitowoc County Lakes Association.
Land Acquisition
The English Lake Protection and Rehab District proposes to purchase 9.82 acres of land known as the "Pluess" property. As part of the District's match, they will use proceeds from a bargain sale and the donated value of .33 acre of property known as the "Burns" property.
Best Management Practices, Implement
The English Lake Protection and Rehabilitation District propose to divert a farmland drain tile that currently discharges to English Lake. The drain tile will be re-routed to discharge to a near-by forested wetland, whereby reducing the phosphorus and sediment loading to English Lake. A final report will be provided both in hard copy and electronically.
Diagnostic/Feasibility Assessment
The English Lake Management District proposes to conduct a diagnostic/feasibility study on drain tile diversion. The project will consist of a site topographic survey; surface, ground and lake water monitoring; drain tile investigation; threatened and endangered species review; public education and involvement and a final report.
Best Management Practices, Implement
English Lake Management District constructed a wetland detention basin east of English Lake to treat agricultural runoff from a nearby barnyard/feedlot and cropland. The wetland basin will be built to maximize sediment and nutrient removal efficiency. The project activities include a 300 foot long dike that will create a detention basin that will result in a wetland about 1.2 acres in surface. The rock spillway and complete approved planting of wetland and aquatic vegetation are also included in this project.
Restore Wetlands
Restore Wetlands
Lake Management Plan Implementation
Work with the Department of Transportation (DOT) purchase sensitive land areas around English Lake to improve water quality as identified in the Lake Planning Grant Process.

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

English Lake is located in the Sevenmile and Silver Creeks watershed which is 112.90 miĀ². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (57.20%), grassland (18.40%) and a mix of wetland (7.50%) and other uses (16.80%). This watershed has 184.08 stream miles, 10,577.89 lake acres and 4,732.70 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

English Lake is considered a Deep Seepage under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.

Deep seepage lake describes the depth and hydrologic charactertistics of the lake. These variables affect the lakes response to watershed variables.

Fish Stocking
Fisheries & Habitat

English Lake is a small, deep seepage lake in the outwash plain west of Newton. Silver Creek originates at English Lake. The lake covers 56 acres and has a maximum depth of 80 feet. The lake supports a viable warm/cool water fishery that includes largemouth bass and northern pike. Walleye stocking occurs in alternating years. Volunteers sample English Lake as part of the lakes monitoring program. English Lake Manitowoc County T18N, R23E, Sec. 7


Date  1997

Author   Aquatic Biologist