Fish and Aquatic Life
, in the Pine River Watershed, is a 337.34 acre lake that falls in Florence and Forest Counties. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1971, Surface Water Resources of Florence County Long Lake, T39N, R15E, Section 25
A hard water drainage lake having slightly alkaline, light brown water of moderate transparency. Littoral materials consist of muck (50 percent), sand (45 percent) and some gravel and rubble. The shoreline is primarily upland consisting of mixed hardwoods and conifers. The wetland shoreline is comprised of conifer, shrub and marsh. The outlet has a dam of 1 head foot and flows to Fay Lake. Fish species inhabiting this lake are northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, perch, bluegill, black crappie, pumpkinseed, black bullhead and white sucker. Waterfowl make moderate use of this lake. Public access is limited to the unimproved or difficult type from a town road at the north end of the lake. Fifty dwellings and one resort are located on the shoreline. Dense beds of aquatic vegetation are found throughout most of the lake basin. The lake has an occasional winterkill.
Surface Acres-340.0, Secchi Disc-7 feet, Maximum Depth-23 feet
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|677400||Long Lake||193014||Long Lake - Deep Hole||5/6/2003||8/9/2013||Map||Data|
|677400||Long Lake||10019759||Long Lake -- Access at N End Lk off Settlement Rd||8/20/2008||8/21/2015||Map||Data|
|677400||Long Lake||10002349||Long Lake (Florence County)||7/27/1999||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|677400||Long Lake||10037899||Long Lake HAB sample||7/26/2012||7/26/2012||Map||Data|
Long Lake is located in the Pine River watershed which is 342.57 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (69.50%), wetland (24.80%) and a mix of open (3.20%) and other uses (2.60%). This watershed has 348.02 stream miles, 6,893.46 lake acres and 35,145.32 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Low for runoff impacts on streams, Medium for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.