Hartlaub Lake, Sevenmile and Silver Creeks Watershed (MA01)
Hartlaub Lake, Sevenmile and Silver Creeks Watershed (MA01)
Hartlaub Lake (67200)
37.41 Acres
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin Natural Communities.
Deep Headwater
Year Last Monitored
This is the most recent date of monitoring data stored in SWIMS. Additional surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2021
Poor
 
This lake is impaired
Impairment Unknown, Excess Algal Growth
Total Phosphorus
 
Manitowoc
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
No
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
No
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
Yes

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
Deep Headwater
Deep headwater lake describes the depth and location of the lake in a watershed. These variables affect the lakes response to watershed variables.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - waters that do not have a specific use designation subcategory assigned but which are considered fishable, swimmable waters.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Default FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - Default Waters do not have a specific use designation subcategory but are considered fishable, swimmable waters.

Overview

Hartlaub Lake, a seepage lake forming the headwaters of Calvin Creek, has an area of 38.4 acres, a
maximum depth of approximately 60 feet, and a mean depth of 20 feet. The total shoreline length is 1.2 miles, of which 0.01 miles are publicly owned. There are six acres of adjoining woody wetlands. The drainage basin covers 1 square mile. Northern pike are present, while largemouth bass and panfish are common.

Monitoring data show high phosphorus concentrations, which add to its eutrophic, or nutrient-rich,
condition. An extensive fish kill occurred in the spring of 1995. Dozens of largemouth bass and hundreds of bluegills were observed dead in the lake. The cause of this spill could not be determined with certainty although nutrient levels, especially phosphorus were very high. Land use around the lake includes undeveloped land as well as tile lines that drain agricultural fields and empty into the lake. Additional monitoring would identify pollution sources and aid the lake management process.
The Hartlaub Lake Association, along with the Manitowoc County Soil and Water Conservation
Department and WDNR staff are documenting extensive water quality problems associated with runoff from agricultural practices and their impacts on the lake. When all controllable phosphorus sources are addressed, the option of a lake rehabilitation plan may be feasible. The Hartlaub Lake Association would like to apply for a Lake Planning Grant to fund the rehabilitation plan process (Rasman 1996).

Date  2002

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Overview

Hartlaub Lake Manitowoc County T18N, R23E, Sec. 10

Hartlaub Lake, a seepage lake forming the headwaters of Calvin Creek, has an area of 38.4 acres, a maximum depth of approximately 60 feet, and a mean depth of 20 feet. The total shoreline length is 1.2 miles, of which 0.01 miles are publicly owned. There are six acres of adjoining woody wetlands. The drainage basin covers 1 square mile. Northern pike are present, while largemouth bass and panfish are common.

Monitoring data show high phosphorus concentrations, which add to its eutrophic, or nutrient-rich, condition. An extensive fish kill occurred in the spring of 1995. Dozens of largemouth bass and hundreds of bluegills were observed dead in the lake. The cause of this spill could not be determined with certainty although nutrient levels, especially phosphorus were very high. Land use around the lake includes undeveloped land as well as tile lines that drain agricultural fields and empty into the lake. Additional monitoring would identify pollution sources and aid the lake management process.

The Hartlaub Lake Association, along with the Manitowoc County Soil and Water Conservation Department and WDNR staff are documenting extensive water quality problems associated with runoff from agricultural practices and their impacts on the lake. When all controllable phosphorus sources are addressed, the option of a lake rehabilitation plan may be feasible. The Hartlaub Lake Association would like to apply for a Lake Planning Grant to fund the rehabilitation plan process (Rasman 1996).

Date  1997

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Historical Description

Source: 1968, Surface Water Resources of Manitowoc County Hartlaub Lake, T18N, R23E, Section 10 (7,8) Surface Acres - 38.4, S.D.F. = 1.38, Maximum depth = 59 feet.

A seepage lake with hard water in terminal moraine about 4 miles southwest of Manitowoc. The bottom is mostly mucky. Calvin Creek drains the lake through its outlet at the east end. Largemouth bass, panfish, walleye, and northern pike constitute the fishery. Use problems in the past have included algae and stunted panfish. About 6 acres of woody wetland adjoins the lake. There are 4 cottages and a boat livery. Moderate numbers of waterfowl utilize the area in the fall and both mallards and blue-wing teal may nest here. Hunting is permitted. A public access is available, and a town road provides additional access with parking.

Date  1968

Author   Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin

Hartlaub Lake, Sevenmile and Silver Creeks Watershed (MA01) Fish and Aquatic LifeHartlaub Lake, Sevenmile and Silver Creeks Watershed (MA01) RecreationHartlaub Lake, Sevenmile and Silver Creeks Watershed (MA01) Fish Consumption

Impaired Waters

Hartlaub Lake (WBIC 67200) was placed on the impaired waters list for total phosphorus on 2016. The 2018 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data exceeded 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Chlorophyll-a sample data clearly met REC and FAL thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing was needed.

Date  2017

Author  Ashley Beranek

Impaired Waters

Hartlaub Lake (67200) was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; total phosphorus sample data exceed 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use, however, chlorophyll data do not exceed REC thresholds. Total phosphorus and chlorophyll data do not exceed Fish and Aquatic Life thresholds.

Date  2015

Author  Aaron Larson

Condition

Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.

Reports

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Hartlaub Lake is located in the Sevenmile and Silver Creeks watershed which is 112.90 miĀ². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (57.20%), grassland (18.40%) and a mix of wetland (7.50%) and other uses (16.80%). This watershed has 184.08 stream miles, 10,577.89 lake acres and 4,732.70 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

Hartlaub Lake is considered a Deep Headwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.

Deep headwater lake describes the depth and location of the lake in a watershed. These variables affect the lakes response to watershed variables.