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Macroinvertebrate, Cool-Cold Headwater, Deep Seepage, Cool-Warm Headwater
Degraded Biological Community
Fish and Aquatic Life
JETZERS CREEK TRIBUTARY TO FISHER CREEK, SHEBOYGAN COUNTY
T16N R22E Sec. 26 Stream Length = 3.7 miles
Jetzers Creek is also refered to as Jetzers Lake Outlet and has an existing biological use of Warm Water Forage Fish communities. The stream has the potential to support a sport fish community (Aartila 1997). Fish collections during 1996 included creek chub, blacknose dace, white sucker, johnny darter, fathead minnow, common shiner, and central mudminnow. A subsequent fish survey conducted during 1997 is shown above in Table #.
The HBI rating from the macroinvertbrate community samples indicated a fairly substantial organic pollution. The stream is limited by sedimentation, excessive nutrients, wetland drainage, channelization, cropland runoff, barnyard runoff, and urban runoff (Aartila 1997). The Lakeland College tributary has a point source discharge in its headwaters from Lakeland College WWTP. This stream had been historically classified as a limited forage fish (LFF) community stream although the existing and potential biological classification is warmwater forege fish community (Aartila 1997). This point source discharge has resulted in increase nutrients and solids in the past to Jetzers Creek.
Author Aquatic Biologist
The 2018 assessments of this Unnamed Tributary (also known as Jetzers Creek Tributary; WBIC 62600) showed biological impairment; new macroinvertebrate sample data exceeded 2018 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use (i.e. at least one macroinvertebrate Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) average scored in the poor condition category). Based on the most updated information, this water is proposed for the impaired waters list.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on Unnamed, WBIC: 62600, AU:948890
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|62600||Unnamed||10016335||Unnamed Trib/Jetzer Lk. Out. - Downstream Of Highland Rd. Approx.400 Feet 120% Sat||4/20/1988||4/20/1988||Map||Data|
|62600||Unnamed||10016372||Jetzers Lake Tributary - Immediately Upstream Of Confluencewith Fisher Creek||5/14/1996||5/14/1996||Map||Data|
|62600||Unnamed||10016308||Jetzer Lake Outlet - Dwnstm Highland Rd.||11/30/1987||11/30/1987||Map||Data|
|62600||Unnamed||10033784||Unnamed Trib to Fisher Cr - US of Highland Rd||11/14/2011||10/21/2015||Map||Data|
|62600||Unnamed||10016378||Unnamed Trib/Jetzer Lk. Out. - Upstream Of Confluence With Fisher Creek||4/20/1988||10/21/2015||Map||Data|
|62600||Unnamed||10016265||Unnamed Trib To Fischer Cr. - Downstream Of Highland Rd||5/18/1993||5/18/1993||Map||Data|
Unnamed is located in the Pigeon River watershed which is 78.87 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (57.30%), grassland (18.60%) and a mix of forest (10.20%) and other uses (13.90%). This watershed has 110.34 stream miles, 769.54 lake acres and 3,149.60 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Jetzers Creek Tributary is considered a Macroinvertebrate, Cool-Cold Headwater, Deep Seepage, Cool-Warm Headwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Warm-Transition) Headwaters are small, sometimes intermittent streams with cool to warm summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are uncommon to absent, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are common to uncommon. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.
Deep seepage lake describes the depth and hydrologic charactertistics of the lake. These variables affect the lakes response to watershed variables.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.