0 - 8.25
Small, Cool-Cold Headwater
Fish and Aquatic Life
Medicine Brook, in the Middle Peshtigo and Thunder Rivers Watershed, is a 8.25 mile river that falls in Marinette County. This river is an outstanding/exceptional resource water under NR102 as well as a Class I Trout Water under the Fisheries Program. This river is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Prior to listing an additonal temperature station should be located either above or further below to better represent the conditions within this reach.
AU: 11909; Station ID: (Need to find representative station.)
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|531600||Medicine Brook||10038269||Medicine Brook - Highfalls Rd downstream||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|5523903||Unnamed||10035818||Medicine Brook - Area of Open Water||6/24/2010||6/24/2010||Map||Data|
|531600||Medicine Brook||10035818||Medicine Brook - Area of Open Water||6/24/2010||6/24/2010||Map||Data|
|531600||Medicine Brook||383178||Medicine Brook at High Falls Rd||3/29/1993||11/4/2019||Map||Data|
|531600||Medicine Brook||10021863||Medicine Brook A1||5/2/2007||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|531600||Medicine Brook||10038270||Medicine Brook - Hwy X Upstream||Map||Data|
|531600||Medicine Brook||10041279||Medicine Brook 112m DS Moonshine Hill Rd||5/2/2013||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|531600||Medicine Brook||10041280||Medicine Brook 5m US Kottke Rd||10/9/2013||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|531600||Medicine Brook||10021866||Medicine Brook A2||5/2/2007||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Medicine Brook is located in the Middle Peshtigo and Thunder Rivers watershed which is 193.54 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (76.90%), wetland (15.10%) and a mix of agricultural (2.90%) and other uses (5.00%). This watershed has 251.85 stream miles, 1,120.60 lake acres and 16,300.88 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Low for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Medicine Brook is considered a Small, Cool-Cold Headwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Small lake describes the size of small isolated waters. These variables affect the lakes response to watershed variables.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.