Archibald Lake, Lower North Branch Oconto River Watershed (GB05)
Archibald Lake, Lower North Branch Oconto River Watershed (GB05)
Archibald Lake (417400)
392.10 Acres
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin Natural Communities.
Deep Seepage
Year Last Monitored
This is the most recent date of monitoring data stored in SWIMS. Additional surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2019
Excellent
 
Oconto
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
No
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
Yes
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
No

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
Deep Seepage
Deep seepage lake describes the depth and hydrologic charactertistics of the lake. These variables affect the lakes response to watershed variables.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - waters that do not have a specific use designation subcategory assigned but which are considered fishable, swimmable waters.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Default FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - Default Waters do not have a specific use designation subcategory but are considered fishable, swimmable waters.

Overview

Archibald Lake, in the Lower North Branch Oconto River Watershed, is a 392.10 acre lake that falls in Oconto County. This lake is an outstanding/exceptional resource water under NR102 under the Fisheries Program. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.

Date  2011

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Historical Description

Source: 1977, Surface Water Resources of Oconto County Archibald Lake, T32N, R15E, Section 2

A hard water seepage lake having slightly alkaline, clear water of very high transparency. The shoreline is predominantly upland consisting of mixed hardwoods and conifers, with a limited area of shrub-meadow wetland. The littoral zone is 50 percent sand, 34 percent muck, 10 percent gravel, and the balance rubble and boulder. The fish population consists of muskellunge, walleye, largemouth bass, bluegill, pumpkinseed, black crappie, rock bass, perch and white sucker. Waterfowl make light use of this lake on their spring and fall migrations. A Town of Townsend landing provides public access without parking. One hundred thirteen dwellings and one resort are located on the shoreline.

Surface Acres = 429.9, Maximum Depth = 58 feet, Secchi Disk = 25 feet

Date  1977

Author   Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin

Archibald Lake, Lower North Branch Oconto River Watershed (GB05) Fish and Aquatic LifeArchibald Lake, Lower North Branch Oconto River Watershed (GB05) RecreationArchibald Lake, Lower North Branch Oconto River Watershed (GB05) Fish Consumption

General Condition

Archibald Lake (417400) was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; total phosphorus and chlorophyll sample data were clearly below 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water is meeting these designated uses and is not considered impaired.

Date  2015

Author  Ashley Beranek

Condition

Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.

Reports

Recommendations

Monitor Pre and Post Treatment
Control Invasive Species
Treated Flowering Rush
Educate and engage residents
Monitor Invasive Species
Monitor Invasive Species
Monitor Pre and Post Treatment
Watercraft Inspections Clean Boats, Clean Waters
Control Invasive Species
Controlled Eurasian Water-Milfoil with herbicides
Map Invasive Species
Monitor Water Level
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and the University of Wisconsin-Extension have developed a citizen-based, statewide lake-level monitoring effort.
Monitor Water Level
Citizen Water Level Monitoring - Archibald Lake - Calibration
Stormwater Planning, Implementation
This third phase of study will include a septic system evaluation of resident systems on the lake, an onsite review of storm water runoff on individual lots and developing further recommendations for goose management based upon a goose census to be done.
Data analysis, report production
Comprehensive Planning Studies
This third phase of study will include a septic system evaluation of resident systems on the lake, an onsite review of storm water runoff on individual lots and developing further recommendations for goose management based upon a goose census to be done.
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
This project is a continuation of the Archibald Lake Phase 1 Lake Study. This study will gather more in depth information regarding the hydrological sources for water coming into the lake to gain more information on the hydrological source of water supplying Archibald Lake. The proposed study will aid in resolving questions of lake hydrology and nutrient fluxes to the lake. This information will be used to eventually develop a comprehensive lake management plan. The Archibald Lake Assn proposes to conduct a project that will include additional water chemistry studies for the east and west basins and the inlet creek. Instream flow will be measured of the small inlet stream where it enters the lake. Groundwater level monitoring will be measured by installing sand points in eight new locations around the lake to determine where groundwater is entering the lake. Water quality parmaeters such as conductivity will be measured along the shoreline to determine where spring ares may be contributing groundwater to the lake.
Comprehensive Planning Studies
This study will gather information regarding the hydrological sources for water coming into the lake to gain more information on the hydrological source of water supplying Archibald Lake. Groundwater level monitoring will be measured by installing sand points in eight new locations around the lake to determine where groundwater is entering the lake. Water quality parmaeters such as conductivity will be measured along the shoreline to determine where spring ares may be contributing groundwater to the lake.
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Hydrologic Budget Development
he Archibald Lake Assn proposes to conduct a lake management study to determine the baseline conditions of the lake and surrounding area. The project will consist of water quality sampling and laboratory analysis; groundwater flow determination; lake watershed and land use mapping; evaluation of source water to the lake; and completion of a final report.ARCHIBALD LAKE ASSOCIATION: Archibald Lake Management Plan
Watershed Mapping or Assessment

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Archibald Lake is located in the Lower North Branch Oconto River watershed which is 389.28 miĀ². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (68.90%), wetland (22.60%) and a mix of agricultural (2.90%) and other uses (5.70%). This watershed has 410.78 stream miles, 5,377.75 lake acres and 51,397.21 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked Low for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

Archibald Lake is considered a Deep Seepage under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.

Deep seepage lake describes the depth and hydrologic charactertistics of the lake. These variables affect the lakes response to watershed variables.

Fish Stocking
Maps of Watershed