Fish and Aquatic Life
Crane Lake, in the Lily River Watershed, is a 355.22 acre lake that falls in Forest County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1977, Surface Water Resources of Forest County Crane Lake, T34N, R13E, Sec. 20 Surface Acres = 341, Maximum Depth = 26 feet, Secchi disk = 3 feet.
A hard water spring lake having slightly alkaline, clear water of moderate transparency. A navigable outlet channel is connected to Pickerel Lake. The littoral material is sand (50 percent), muck (25 percent), gravel (18 percent) and rubble (7 percent). The shoreline is predominantly upland of mixed hardwoods and pine. The remaining shoreline is wetland. Fish species found in this lake are walleye, largemouth bass, northern pike, bluegill, black crappie, pumpkinseed, perch and black bullhead. Aquatic vegetation is sparse. Private development consists of 3 resorts, 1 boat rental and 62 dwellings. Public access is available via the navigable channel from Pickerel Lake. Public frontage amounts to 0.03 mile of shoreline.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Crane Lake (WBIC 388500) was placed on the impaired waters list for excess algal growth in 2014. The 2018 assessments showed continued excess algal growth; new chlorophyll-a sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. Total phosphorus data were clearly below the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use listing thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing was needed.
Author Ashley Beranek
Crane Lake (388500) was placed on the impaired waters list for excess algal growth in 2014. The 2016 assessments showed continued excess algal growth; chlorophyll sample data exceeded 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use, however, total phosphorus were clearly below REC thresholds. Total phosphorus and chlorophyll data did not exceed Fish and Aquatic Life listing thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing is needed.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
The Pickerel/Crane Lake P&R District has purchased a 46.7 acre parcel of land in the Town of Nashville, Forest County. The property includes 300 feet of frontage on Crane Lake, approximately 33 acres of wetland, an artesian spring, a pond and stream, and several acres of upland.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|388500||Crane Lake||213126||Crane Lake - Outlet||Map||Data|
|388500||Crane Lake||383258||Crane Lake - Deep Hole||3/18/2003||7/17/2003||Map||Data|
|388500||Crane Lake||213121||Crane Lake - Deep Hole||6/7/1990||7/18/2022||Map||Data|
|388500||Crane Lake||10034883||Crane / Pickerel Channel (North End)||8/19/2011||8/19/2011||Map||Data|
|388500||Crane Lake||10019035||Crane Lake -- Access||6/8/2013||8/10/2013||Map||Data|
|388500||Crane Lake||10002510||Crane Lake||7/27/1999||4/4/2021||Map||Data|
|388500||Crane Lake||10034884||Crane / Pickerel Channel (South End)||8/19/2011||8/19/2011||Map||Data|
Crane Lake is located in the Lily River watershed which is 209.47 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (72.20%), wetland (18.90%) and a mix of open (4.20%) and other uses (4.80%). This watershed has 161.31 stream miles, 4,248.79 lake acres and 18,178.21 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.