Fish and Aquatic Life
Pickerel Lake, in the Lily River Watershed, is a 1,272.35 acre lake that falls in Forest and Langlade Counties. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1977, Surface Water Resources of Forest County Pickerel Lake, T34N, R13E, Sec. 30 Surface Acres 1,299, Maximum depth = 14 feet, Secchi disk = 11 feet.
A medium hard water drainage lake having alkaline, clear water of moderate transparency. The inlet stream is drainage from Lake 28-7 and Crane Lake and the outlet, Pickerel Creek, flows to the Wolf River. The shoreline is mostly upland (55 percent) of mixed hardwoods and pine with the remainder being wetland of bog, meadow and shrub. The littoral material is diverse with muck (75 percent), sand (20 percent), gravel (3 percent) and rubble (3 percent). Fish present include northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, perch, bluegill, black crappie, pumpkinseed, black bullhead and white sucker. Submergent aquatic vegetation is dense while floating and emergent types are sparse. Most of the lake (70 percent) is shallow (2-5 feet) and the only deep portion forms a channel through the center of the lake basin. Aquatic weeds are a problem and the lake experiences heavy algae blooms. Shoreline use and development is heavy with 18 resorts, 6 boat rentals and 173 dwellings. Public access is good with two boat landings and navigable water access from both the inlet and outlet. Of the 8.14 miles of shoreline, 0.05 mile is public frontage.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Habitat Restoration - Lake
The project will install an aeration system, monitor Dissolved Oxygen throughout the winter, and provide education on sources of nutrient loading into Pickerel Lake. The project will also include an education effort for safety of open water and sources of the problem which have lead to the need for lake aeration.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|388100||Pickerel Lake||214023||Pickerel Lake - Pickerel Lake||Map||Data|
|388100||Pickerel Lake||10003323||Pickerel Lake||4/17/1995||6/4/2019||Map||Data|
|388100||Pickerel Lake||213128||Pickerel Lake - West Lobe||7/5/1992||8/28/2021||Map||Data|
|388100||Pickerel Lake||10019025||Pickerel Lake -- Access at S Shore Dr||6/6/2008||10/17/2016||Map||Data|
|387300||Pickerel Creek||10003323||Pickerel Lake||4/17/1995||6/4/2019||Map||Data|
|388100||Pickerel Lake||213039||Pickeral Lake - East Lobe Max Depth||6/7/1987||3/2/2010||Map||Data|
|388100||Pickerel Lake||10019032||Pickerel Lake -- Access at N Side Of Lake Off Pickerel Lake Rd||7/15/2007||8/31/2012||Map||Data|
Pickerel Lake is located in the Lily River watershed which is 209.47 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (72.20%), wetland (18.90%) and a mix of open (4.20%) and other uses (4.80%). This watershed has 161.31 stream miles, 4,248.79 lake acres and 18,178.21 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.