Fish and Aquatic Life
Long Lake, in the Middle Wolf River Watershed, is a 86.64 acre lake that falls in Shawano County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1968, Surface Water Resources of Shawano County Long Lake, T26N, R15E, Section 26 Surface Acres = 84.0, S.D.F. = 1.87, Maximum Depth = 40 feet.
A hard water spring lake having slightly alkaline, clear water of moderate transparency. The littoral zone is composed predominantly of sand (75 percent) with the balance being muck. The shoreline is predominantly upland (80 percent) with the balance being wetland. Fish species found in this lake are northern pike, largemouth bass, perch, bluegill, black crappie, pumkinseed, black bullhead, carp, white sucker and bowfin. Information on wildlife values is lacking; however, puddle ducks and diving ducks probably make use of this lake on their spring and fall migrations. There is no public access. Commercial facilities consist of one resort. There are 72 dwellings and an organizational camp (church) located on the shoreline. Outlet is tributary to Schoenick Creek.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Long Lake (WBIC 321300) was placed on the impaired waters list for excess algal growth in 2014. The 2018 assessments showed continued excess algal growth; new chlorophyll-a sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. Total phosphorus data were clearly below the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use listing thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing was needed.
Author Ashley Beranek
Long Lake (321300) was placed on the impaired waters list for excess algal growth in 2014. The 2016 assessments showed continued excess algal growth; chlorophyll sample data exceed 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use, however, total phosphorus did not exceed REC thresholds. Total phosphorus and chlorophyll data did not exceed Fish and Aquatic Life listing thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing is needed.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|321300||Long Lake||10041946||Long Lake - Grass Lake Road ||4/30/2014||9/10/2014||Map||Data|
|321300||Long Lake||593003||Long Lake - Deep Hole||2/23/1976||6/29/2022||Map||Data|
|321300||Long Lake||10054191||Long Lake South Herbicide Concentration Monitoring||6/22/2021||6/25/2021||Map||Data|
|321300||Long Lake||10054188||Long Lake North Herbicide Concentration Monitoirng||6/22/2021||6/25/2021||Map||Data|
|321300||Long Lake||10055180||Long outside south curtain||6/22/2021||6/22/2021||Map||Data|
|321300||Long Lake||10045978||Phragmites occurrence 2950 - Long Lake||Map||Data|
|321300||Long Lake||10005727||Long Lake||7/27/1999||7/24/2021||Map||Data|
|321300||Long Lake||10055179||Long outside North curtain||6/22/2021||6/22/2021||Map||Data|
Long Lake is located in the Middle Wolf River watershed which is 133.78 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily wetland (36.10%), agricultural (30.80%) and a mix of forest (18.90%) and other uses (14.40%). This watershed has 209.37 stream miles, 384.45 lake acres and 30,112.00 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Lake for individual Lakes based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.