Fish and Aquatic Life
Black Creek is the largest tributary to the main stem Shioc River. Three industries and two municipalities discharge to Black Creek. All are in substantial compliance with their WPDES permits.
From: Bougie, Cheryl A., Kosmond, Lisa D, and Watermolen, Dreux J. 1996. Wolf River Basin Water Quality Management Plan. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cheryl Bougie
Black Creek, T23N, R16E , Sec. 1( 8), Area = 19.8 acres, Length = 16.3 miles, M.P.A. = 300 ppm,
Gradient = 4.9 feet/mile.
Black Creek is a clear, hard water stream draining part of north central Outagamie County. Bottom
materials consist of rubble and gravel, with silt coverings in varying amounts. Instream cover is available
but not abundant. Crayfish and minnows were the only observed aquatic life. Evidence of carp is present.
The village of Black Creek maintains a sewage treatment plant near the bank of the creek and is a potential
pollution source. There are no adjacent public lands. Access is available from two state, three county,
and four town road crossings.
From: Nelson, Linden M. and Ronald L. Fassbender, 1972. Surface Water Resources of Outagamie County:
Lake and Stream Classification Project. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
The 2018 assessments showed impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data overwhelmingly exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use and biological impairment was observed (i.e. at least one macroinvertebrate Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the poor condition category). Based on the most updated information, this water was proposed for the impaired waters list.
Author Ashley Beranek
Black Creek (317100) from just south of Hwy W to headwaters was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; total phosphorus sample data overwhelmingly exceed 2016 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use and biological impairment was observed (i.e. at least one macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the poor condition category).
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on Black Creek, WBIC: 317100, AU:337848
; Black Creek; Extension of previous determination
SE SE S7 T25N R18E; Black Creek, trib;
S S28 T24N R18E; Black Creek, trib;
NE SW S27 T25N R18E; Black Creek, trib;
S12 T25N R17E; Black Creek, trib;
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|317100||Black Creek||10033832||Black Creek upstream CTH VV||6/28/2011||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Black Creek is located in the Shioc River watershed which is 189.76 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (55.60%), wetland (20.40%) and a mix of grassland (12.30%) and other uses (11.70%). This watershed has 375.85 stream miles, 323.09 lake acres and 23,354.20 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.