Fish and Aquatic Life
Thiel Creek, in the Lower Little Wolf River Watershed, is a 6.70 mile river that falls in Waupaca County. This river is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Thiel Creek was assessed in 2018 for phosphorus, temperature, and bugs. Phosphorus levels were too high for healthy aquatic communities like plants, bugs, and fish. In 2020 new bug and fish information showed poor community health. Thiel Creek was listed for phosphorus in 2018 and degraded biological community in 2020.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Monitor Targeted Watershed Area (TWA)
This project will evaluate water quality improvements made in the Lower Little Wolf River Watershed from Best Management Practices installed in the watershed from 1997 through 2008 as part of the Lower Little Wolf River Priority Watershed Project. [TWA HUC10-0403020217].
Monitoring will be conducted in 9 WBICs: 279600, 280100, 272400, 280700, 280900, 283000, 283100, 283400, 284900.
Monitor or Propose 303(d) Listing
Thiel Creek should be added to the state�s 2018 303(d) list of impaired waters due to the pollutant phosphorus.
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
The department should increase the water quality monitoring in these sub-watersheds to determine which areas need BMPs to reduce phosphorus delivery to the streams.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|280100||Thiel Creek||693162||Thiel Creek at Cemetery Road||6/17/1996||9/12/2018||Map||Data|
|280100||Thiel Creek||10021236||Thiel Creek (24)||8/2/2007||8/2/2007||Map||Data|
|280100||Thiel Creek||693143||Thiel Creek at Swan Road||10/17/1995||10/26/2021||Map||Data|
|280100||Thiel Creek||10048063||Thiel Creek US County N||5/10/2017||10/26/2021||Map||Data|
|280100||Thiel Creek||10048062||Thiel Creek US North Rail Rd||5/10/2017||10/26/2021||Map||Data|
Thiel Creek is located in the Lower Little Wolf River watershed which is 153.60 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (33.10%), forest (28.50%) and a mix of wetland (22.20%) and other uses (16.20%). This watershed has 189.20 stream miles, 1,038.51 lake acres and 21,932.16 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.