Fish and Aquatic Life
Bone Lake has an excellent fishery with the muskellunge population one of the best in the district. The management alternatives for dealing with some of the trophic symptoms present on this lake have to be tempered with the caution necessary to preserve this high quality fishery resource. A high priority should be accorded this lake district for the development of long ange management plans which help the lake community to control the products of eutrophication in certain high-use areas but preserving the "sensitive areas" so necessary for the maintenance of the aquatic resource.
A lake management district was created around this lake in 1975. This large (1781 acres) lake has experienced abundant vegetation growths and periodic algae blooms for many years. The feasibility study completed in 1980 documented this eutrophic condition, with in-lake recycling of phosphorus from deep-water sediments targeted as the main nutrient source.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Bone Lake (WBIC 2628100) was placed on the impaired waters list for total phosphorus/excess algal growth in 2012. The 2018 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Chlorophyll-a sample data clearly exceeded the REC thresholds, but were nearly below the FAL use thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in the existing impaired waters listing was needed.
Author Ashley Beranek
Bone Lake (2628100) was placed on the impaired waters list for total phosphorus/excess algal growth in 2012. The 2016 assessments showed continued excess algal growth; chlorophyll sample data exceed 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use, however, total phosphorus did not exceed REC thresholds. Total phosphorus and chlorophyll data did not exceed Fish and Aquatic Life listing thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing is needed.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
ATTAINS Implementation Initiated
Bone Lake Management District is sponsoring a Lake Protection grant to implement activities from their approved lake management plan. The specific project tasks include: 1) Design and install watershed BMPs; 2) Mini (10x35 foot) shoreline buffer restorations; 3) Design and install waterfront runoff projects; 4) ALUM dosage analysis; 5) Installation of woody habitat structures; 6) Establish Slow-No-Wake Ordinance; 7) Develop land protection strategy.
Shoreland Monitoring, Assessment, Inventory
Shoreland Monitoring, Assessment or Inventory
ATTAINS Implementation Initiated
Bone Lake Management District will implement recommendations described in its comprehensive management plan including activities to reduce erosion; improve habitat and water quality; and expand lake protection/restoration marketing. Activities include: 1) design/build retention basins; 2) restore shorelines and integrate shoreline woody habitat; 3) implement residential diversion/infiltration best management practices (e.g. berms, rain gardens, rain barrels); 4) continue informational/educational outreach efforts, including implementing waterfront runoff marketing plan.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||493163||Bone Lake - North Half||8/8/1979||9/19/2017||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||494026||Bone Lake - Bone Lake||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10031028||Culvert (#8) near Bone Lake - Sandy Hook Ln||7/14/2010||7/14/2010||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||493114||Bone Lake - South Of Large Island||6/10/1996||9/7/2019||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10018330||Bone Lake -- Access Nr Bone Lake Park Ln||6/10/2006||9/2/2019||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10042152||Bone Lake (Herbicide Monitoring Site 7)||5/27/2014||5/21/2015||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10042153||Bone Lake (Herbicide Monitoring Site 8)||5/27/2014||5/21/2015||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10043748||Bone Lake - South Deep Hole||6/28/2015||9/19/2017||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||493115||Bone Lake at Outlet||6/10/1996||9/19/2017||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10004777||Bone Lake - T35 R16W S6||5/7/1996||5/11/2018||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||493220||Bone Lake - T35n R16w S17 Sw1/4 Sw1/4||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10043433||Ditch Site E Shore Bone Lake by Sunnyside Ln (Graham)||5/18/2015||8/18/2015||Map||Data|
|5005420||Unnamed||10031021||Culvert (#1) near Bone Lake - Sunnyside LN.||3/14/2010||8/11/2010||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10031026||Culvert (#6) near Bone Lake - 250th Ave||7/14/2010||7/14/2010||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10031027||Culvert (#7) near Bone Lake - 250th Ave||3/13/2010||8/11/2010||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10042149||Bone Lake (Herbicide Monitoring Site 5)||5/28/2014||6/5/2015||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10042151||Bone Lake (Herbicide Monitoring Site 6B)||5/28/2014||6/5/2015||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10031025||Culvert (#5) near Bone Lake - 250th Ave||3/14/2010||8/18/2015||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10042150||Bone Lake (Herbicide Monitoring Site 6A)||5/28/2014||6/5/2015||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||493126||Bone Lake - Deep Hole||9/12/1973||9/7/2019||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10019941||Bone Lake -- Access Off Dueholm Dr||8/2/2010||9/2/2019||Map||Data|
|2628100||Bone Lake||10043383||Bone Lake - Central Basin||1/1/2015||9/19/2017||Map||Data|
Bone Lake is located in the Upper Apple River watershed which is 195.43 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (45.90%), agricultural (16.40%) and a mix of wetland (15.70%) and other uses (22.10%). This watershed has 138.62 stream miles, 7,663.43 lake acres and 16,247.07 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Lake for individual Lakes based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.