Weyauwega Lake, Waupaca River Watershed (WR05)
Weyauwega Lake, Waupaca River Watershed (WR05)
Weyauwega Lake (257700)
253.30 Acres
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin Natural Communities.
Impounded Flowing Water
Year Last Monitored
This is the most recent date of monitoring data stored in SWIMS. Additional surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2018
Fair
 
Waupaca
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
No
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
No
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
No

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
Impounded Flowing Water
This classification includes waterbodies created by dams (mill ponds, reservoirs, flowages, and other impoundments) with a residence time of 14 days or more (under summer (June – Sept) mean low flow conditions with a 1 in 10 year recurrence interval (US EPA 2000)). Many natural lakes also have dams or water level control structures. However, to be included in the Impounded Flowing Waters category, the dam or water level control structure, must account for more than half of a waterbody’s maximum depth. Impoundments with a residence time of less than 14 days should be covered under the rivers and stream assessment methodology process.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - waters that do not have a specific use designation subcategory assigned but which are considered fishable, swimmable waters.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Default FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - Default Waters do not have a specific use designation subcategory but are considered fishable, swimmable waters.

Overview

Weyauwega Lake is a very fertile, hard water impoundment of the Waupaca River containing light brown water. Sand and muck are the predominant littoral bottom types. The fishery is dominated by rough fish including carp, redhorse, white sucker, and bowfin. Game species present are bluegill, black crappie, perch, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, northern pike, pumpkinseed, white bass, and rock bass. This lake is scheduled for chemical treatment in 1971 to rehabilitate the fishery. Bluewing teal nest on the lake but because of its close proximity to Weyauwega, waterfowl use is quite limited. Public facilities on the lake include a boat landing, an access without parking, and a swimming beach. A private park, Mullen Park, is open to the public. Included in this park are picnic areas, playgrounds, toilets, drinking water, shelters, and boat docks. Other access is provided by navigable water via the inlet and the outlet. The lake is presently used as a water supply for an electric generating plant. About twenty dwellings are located on the lake. Several sources of pollution enter the lake including effluent from Waupaca County Hospital, storm sewers, and effluent from Ace Manufacturing. All contribute to the enrichment of Weyauwega Lake.

Source: 1971, Surface Water Resources of Waupaca County Weyauwega Lake, T21N, R13E, Sections 4, 5 Surface Acres = 274.2; S.D.F. = 1.93; Maximum Depth = 11 feet.

Date  1971

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Recommendations

Drawdown of Water
Weyauwega Lake Drawdown
ATTAINS Water Identified for Protection
Waupaca County Land and Water Conservation Department is sponsoring a project to develop a Nine Key Element Watershed Plan for the Weyauwega Lake Watershed which is an impoundment of the Waupaca River in Weyauwega, Wisconsin Project final deliverables include: The Nine Key Element Watershed Plan is the primary deliverable in hard copy and electronic form. Specific project activities include: 1.Hire staff to write the Nine Key Element Plan in January through March 2018. 2. Convene stakeholder group for information, education and goal achievement recommendations before March 31st, 2018. 3. Run EVAAL, STEPL, and ACPF models to identify the high-risk non-point source areas within the watershed (late Spring/Summer 2018). 4. Establish partner network to assist with monitoring strategy with the Weyauwega-Fremont High School and WDNR to verify results (Summer 2018). 5.Create draft of Weyauwega Lake Nine Key Element Watershed Plan by October 2018. The report will summarize current conditions, provide comparisons to earlier information, projections for future conditions and potential risks, and recommendations for protection and restoration. 6. Update and distribute the Weyauwega Lake Nine Key Element Watershed Plan to WDNR and EPA by December 31st, 2018. Three hard copies will be sent to WDNR Water Resources staff along with the link to the electronic .pdf. 7. Provide list of stewardship groups, agencies, schools and municipalities receiving the report and copies of publications of the report in local newspapers to the WDNR Water Resources staff. 8. Provide dates, agendas, and minutes from meetings with municipality boards and WLR, Inc related to the Weyauwega Lake Nine Key Element Watershed Plan to WDNR Water Resources staff. 9. Provide a description of how the report will be distributed to watershed property owners to WDNR Water Resources staff (by December 31st, 2018).

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Weyauwega Lake is located in the Waupaca River watershed which is 290.77 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (43.70%), agricultural (30.40%) and a mix of grassland (14%) and other uses (11.80%). This watershed has 231.34 stream miles, 2,456.10 lake acres and 14,124.68 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

Weyauwega Lake is considered a Impounded Flowing Water under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.

This classification includes waterbodies created by dams (mill ponds, reservoirs, flowages, and other impoundments) with a residence time of 14 days or more (under summer (June – Sept) mean low flow conditions with a 1 in 10 year recurrence interval (US EPA 2000)). Many natural lakes also have dams or water level control structures. However, to be included in the Impounded Flowing Waters category, the dam or water level control structure, must account for more than half of a waterbody’s maximum depth. Impoundments with a residence time of less than 14 days should be covered under the rivers and stream assessment methodology process.

Fish Stocking