Pine Lake, Kinnickinnic River Watershed (SC01)
Pine Lake, Kinnickinnic River Watershed (SC01)
Pine Lake, T29n R17w S01 (2489700)
118.47 Acres
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin Natural Communities.
Shallow Seepage
Year Last Monitored
This is the most recent date of monitoring data stored in SWIMS. Additional surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2017
Fair
 
This lake is impaired
Excess Algal Growth
Total Phosphorus
 
St. Croix
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
No
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
No
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
Yes

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
Shallow Seepage
Shallow seepage lake describes the depth and location of the lake in a watershed. These variables affect the lakes response to watershed variables.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - waters that do not have a specific use designation subcategory assigned but which are considered fishable, swimmable waters.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Default FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - Default Waters do not have a specific use designation subcategory but are considered fishable, swimmable waters.

Overview

Pine Lake, T29n R17w S01, in the Kinnickinnic River Watershed, is a 118.47 acre lake that falls in Saint Croix County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.

Date  2011

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Historical Description

A softwater, seepage lake, landlocked and subject to an occasional partial winter freeze-out. The lake was treated in 1960 with toxaphene to remove its fish population. It will subsequently be restocked and managed for largemouth bass and bluegills. It has a town road access extending to the lake on the northwest side. A two-acre public park area is maintained near the access by the Central St. Croix Rod and Gun Club.

A boat livery is available and the lake's private development consists of one dwelling. A three acre sedge-cattail wetland is utilized by muskrats
and nesting mallards and blue-winged teal. Fluctuating water levels are a disadvantage to aquatic life and prospective cottage owners of this
lake. Source: 1961, Surface Water Resources of St.Croix Co. Pine Lake - Baldwin - T. 29 N., R. 17 W., Sec. 1 Surface Acres = 53.0 S.D.F. = 2.75 Maximum Depth = 15 feet

Date  1961

Author   Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin

Pine Lake, Kinnickinnic River Watershed (SC01) Fish and Aquatic LifePine Lake, Kinnickinnic River Watershed (SC01) RecreationPine Lake, Kinnickinnic River Watershed (SC01) Fish Consumption

Impaired Waters

Pine Lake (WBIC 2489700) was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; total phosphorus and chlorophyll sample data exceeded 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use, but did not exceed Fish and Aquatic Life thresholds

Date  2015

Author  Aaron Larson

Condition

Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.

Reports

Recommendations

Easement/Buffer
West Wisconsin Land Trust proposes to purchase an easement on 13.5 acres of the Hamerski property on Pine Lake (Baldwin) in St. Croix County. Easement protects 2,377 ft. of lake frontage. Restricts timber harvest, vegetation removal and shoreline development.
Easement/Buffer
West Wisconsin Land Trust proposes to purchase an easement on 4.35 acres of the Litzner property on Pine Lake (Baldwin) in St. Croix County. Easement protects 252 ft of lake frontage. Restricts timber harvest, vegetation removal and shoreline development.
Easement/Buffer
West Wisconsin Land Trust proposes to purchase an easement on 23 acres of the Fern property on Pine Lake (Baldwin) in St. Croix County. Easement protects over 750 feet of lake frontage. Restricts timber harvest, vegetation removal and shoreline development.
Nine Key Element Plan
St. Croix County Lakes Cluster PWS Plan - Nine Key Element Plan - The St. Croix County Lakes Cluster Priority Watershed Project plan assesses the nonpoint sources of pollution in the St. Croix County Lakes Cluster Watershed and guides the implementation of nonpoint source control measures. These control measures are needed to meet specific water resource objectives for the St. Croix County Lakes Cluster and its tributaries. The purpose of this project is to reduce the amount of pollutants originating from nonpoint sources that reach surface water and groundwater within the St. Croix County Lakes Cluster Priority Watershed Project area which includes Bass, Perch, Squaw, and Baldwin-Pine Lakes.

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Pine Lake is located in the Kinnickinnic River watershed which is 206.08 miĀ². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (47.30%), grassland (25.40%) and a mix of forest (19.40%) and other uses (7.80%). This watershed has 283.63 stream miles, 508.55 lake acres and 1,305.73 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

Pine Lake, T29n R17w S01 is considered a Shallow Seepage under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.

Shallow seepage lake describes the depth and location of the lake in a watershed. These variables affect the lakes response to watershed variables.

Fish Stocking