Fish and Aquatic Life
Long Lake T34N, R17W, Sec. 6,7,8
A landlocked lake with fish species consisting of northern pike, largemouth bass, black crappies, perch, bluegills and bullheads. Public frontage includes a 66-foot access road with parking (west end), a 50-foot access road without parking (north side), two unimproved platted access roads (60 and 50 feet), and 125 feet of undeveloped frontage owned by the Town of Centuria. Private development consists of two resorts and 14 cottages. Main waterfowl use is limited to nesting mallards and bluewing teal.
Surface Acres = 257.0, S.D.F.= 2.01, Maximum Depth = 10 ft., M. P. A. = 68
Author Aquatic Biologist
Long Lake is a 272 acre body of water with an intermittent outlet during high water periods. A
1981 feasibility study documented this lake as an eutrophic waterbody with watershed nutrient
loading a significant factor. Management alternatives included watershed improvements and
potential experimental in-lake alum "crib" treatment.
This lake should receive a priority for implementation work in the watershed. The past loading
to the lake may mask any short-term observable water quality improvements but the potential
for the development of new in-lake procedures may make this a reality in the future. The start
of a self-help monitoring program to track any water quality changes should be a high priority.
The possibility of a NPS Priority Lakes or Small Scale Watershed project should be explored.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Long Lake (T34n R17w S06, WBIC 2478200) was placed on the impaired waters list for total phosphorus in 2014. The 2018 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus and chlorophyll-a sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Based on the most updated information, no change in the existing impaired waters listing was needed.
Author Ashley Beranek
Long Lake T34n R17w S06 (2478200) was placed on the impaired waters list for total phosphorus in 2014. The 2016 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; total phosphorus and chlorophyll sample data exceeded 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use. Total phosphorus and chlorophyll data do not exceed Fish and Aquatic Life thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing is needed.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Habitat Restoration - Shoreland
Restore Riparian Habitat
ATTAINS Implementation Initiated
Long Lake P&R District is sponsoring a Lake Protection grant to protect and improve Long Lake water quality by designing and implementing shoreline restoration and runoff reduction practices. The project also includes an Alum dosage study.
Best Management Practices, Implement
Lake Management Plan Development
Aquatic Plant Monitoring or Survey
Shoreland Monitoring, Assessment, Inventory
Shoreland Monitoring, Assessment or Inventory
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Watershed Mapping or Assessment
Monitor or Assess Watershed Condition
Lakes Planning Grant
Nutrient Budget Development
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2478200||Long Lake||493164||Long Lake - West Half||5/8/2000||7/26/2019||Map||Data|
|2478200||Long Lake||10043975||Long Lake - Staff Gage||8/18/2015||9/25/2019||Map||Data|
|2478200||Long Lake||493153||North Ditch Trib To Long Lake - ||3/28/2000||7/18/2012||Map||Data|
|2478200||Long Lake||10019780||Long Lake -- Access at Nw Side Of Lake Off Larsen Ln||5/11/2013||9/2/2019||Map||Data|
|2478200||Long Lake||493102||Long Lake - Deep Hole ||6/21/1992||8/19/2019||Map||Data|
|2478200||Long Lake||10004779||Long Lake - T34 R17W S6||4/21/1997||7/3/2018||Map||Data|
Long Lake is located in the Balsam Branch watershed which is 104.07 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (31.60%), agricultural (28.40%) and a mix of grassland (18.70%) and other uses (21.30%). This watershed has 63.62 stream miles, 6,301.67 lake acres and 5,248.51 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Lake for individual Lakes based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.