Fish and Aquatic Life
White Sand Lake T41n R05e S22, in the Bear River Watershed, is a 1,180.85 acre lake that falls in Vilas County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1963, Surface Water Resources of Vilas County Sand (White) Lake, T-41-N, R-5-E, Sections 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, and 36
White Sand lake is a drainage lake of high fertility, having alkaline, clear water of very high transparency. Bottom materials consist mostly of sand, with appreciable amounts of gravel and rock and some muck. The inlet stream is considered to be navigable and the outlet stream is considered nonnavigable. The principal fish species present are the walleye, large and smallmouth bass, muskellunge and pan fish. The whitefish is also present in the lake and supports a seasonal fishery. There is no public accessavailable except through the navigable inlet. Nine resorts located on the lake offer public use opportunities. There are 85 cottages and/or dwellings located on the shore line. The lake is of no significance to fur bearers. Mallard, black ducks and hooded merganser are known to use the lake for a nesting site. Diving ducks utilize this water on their fall migration.
Area = 1,195 Surface Acres, Maximum Depth = 50 feet
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2321100||White Sand Lake||10031379||White Sand Lake -- Access off Hwy H||5/18/2009||9/21/2019||Map||Data|
|2321100||White Sand Lake||643447||White Sand Lake - Deep Hole||8/22/1979||9/13/2013||Map||Data|
|2321100||White Sand Lake||10043550||S White Sand Lk near Headflyer Lk||Map||Data|
|2321100||White Sand Lake||644051||White Sand Lake (4105e22) - White Sand Lake (4105e22)||Map||Data|
|2321100||White Sand Lake||643638||White Sand Lake - North Of Center Sand Bar||6/21/2006||7/27/2018||Map||Data|
|2321100||White Sand Lake||10006385||White Sand Lake||8/29/2000||8/20/2018||Map||Data|
|2321100||White Sand Lake||10033971||White Sand Lake - Access off County Hwy H (Tribal)||6/22/2011||9/12/2011||Map||Data|
White Sand Lake is located in the Bear River watershed which is 145.45 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (48.20%), wetland (32.30%) and a mix of open (17.90%) and other uses (1.70%). This watershed has 109.53 stream miles, 16,823.52 lake acres and 30,671.84 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.