Fish and Aquatic Life
The Yellow River is formed by the confluence of the North and South Forks of the Yellbw River in
the Chequamegon National Forest. The Yellow River in ths area is quite small. In the 1960s, a dam
on the Yellow River created the Chequamegon Waters Flowage, whch supports a good warm water
sport fishery and is hghly valued for wildlife habitat. The flowage supports ducks, swans, and nesting
eagles. Below Chequamegon Waters Flowage, the Yellow River flow increases, supporting a better
fishery than upstream of the flowage, and is more popular for canoeing. The Yellow River below the
flowage has fairly steep river banks, adding to the canoeing experience.
The municipal wastewater treatment plant at Gilman, whch discharges to a wetland tributary to the
Yellow River, is the only point source discharge in this watershed. The present WPDES permit for this
aerated pond facility requires that the village evaluate the need for phosphorus removal as required
under NR 217. If the plant discharges more than
removal facilities will have to be provided. A 1989
to the Yellow River from the discharge (WRM).
Some sources of polluted runoff are evident in the
are available to document habitat or water quality
the 150-~ound-~&-m&th threshold, phosphorus
site investigation found no water quality impacts
lower part of the watershed, but insufficient data
A shaft gold mine has been proposed near the North Fork of the Yellow River in the Chequamegon
National Forest. Fisheries and habitat surveys conducted in 1992 to provide baseline data for the North
Fork Yellow and the Yellow rivers found that the fish community in the proposed mining area may
be somewhat limited by lack of cover (Kanehl).
Author Aquatic Biologist
The 2018 assessments of the Yellow River (miles 0-45.42) showed continued impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. However, available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). Based on the most updated information, no change in the existing impaired waters listing was needed.
Author Ashley Beranek
Yellow River (2154500) from Lake Wissota to Hwy 64. The 2016 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; total phosphorus sample data exceeded 2016 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use, however, available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing is needed.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Category 3. 2018 TP Results: May Exceed. Station: 613123. AU: 16186.
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Category 3. 2018 TP Results: May Exceed. Station: 10016979. AU: 1525718.
Wastewater Monitoring or Management
Wastewater Management and WRM should reexamine the effluent limits for the Cadott wastewater treatment plant once ammonia standards and policies are revised (Type B).
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||093049||Yellow River at Main St Bridge||7/7/1988||6/12/1989||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||613034||Yellow River Drainage - Drangle Foods Inc Gilman||8/17/1976||11/15/1977||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10035419||Yellow River - Area of Open Water||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10034903||Yellow River at Cadott Hwy 27||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10040645||Yellow River at CTH H (S of CTH S)||7/2/2003||10/18/2018||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||613008||Yellow River - Cth B R Mi 43.9||6/18/2008||6/18/2008||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10016049||Yellow River - Riffle Area About 100 Yards Aboveentrance Of Gilman Wwtp Effluent||5/26/1995||5/26/1995||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10016620||Yellow River - 100 Yds Above Bridge On Cth XX||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10010788||Yellow River - Yellow River Station 3 at Cth G||9/8/2008||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10030674||Yellow River at 350th St.||10/7/2009||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||093127||Yellow River - Bridge On Mahalko||5/19/1993||8/31/1993||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||093137||Yellow River - Bridge On Hwy K||5/19/1993||8/15/2015||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||613006||Yellow River - Twn Rd Bridge R Mi40.9||6/18/2008||6/18/2008||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||613007||Yellow River at Rr Bridge R Mi 43.6||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||613072||Yellow River at Polley Lane D1||8/14/2008||9/8/2010||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10015754||Yellow River - Riffle Area About 100 Yards Belowentrance Of Gilman Wwtp Effluent||5/26/1995||5/26/1995||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10040136||Yellow River 1000ft S of 270th St||8/13/2013||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||093024||Yellow River - Cadott Stp||9/26/1978||4/2/1995||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||093139||Yellow River - Of Bridge Hwy O||5/19/1993||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||613067||Yellow River - Above Nfl W Stp Dc A||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10032350||Yellow River at Hwy. 64 bridge||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||093048||Yellow River - Village Limits R Mi10.6||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||093068||Yellow River - 3/4 Mi West Of Co. Line||4/22/1980||4/22/1980||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||613068||Yellow River - Gilman Pk B Dairy Aa||3/6/1989||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10036523||Yellow River - Area of Open Water||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10009873||Yellow River - Yellow River 4- Polley Ln||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10032351||Yellow River at 0.5 mi. west of Cadott||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||093095||Yellow River at Cth Xx||1/3/1989||10/13/2020||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10020101||Yellow River -- Access at Cth S North||7/22/2003||10/13/2020||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10010790||Yellow River - Yellow River Station 1 at Patties Park||Map||Data|
|2154500||Yellow River||10039512||Yellow River at Cty K||8/18/2018||8/18/2018||Map||Data|
Yellow River is located in the Lower Yellow (Chippewa Co.) River watershed which is 276.84 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (38.80%), agricultural (26.30%) and a mix of wetland (16.20%) and other uses (18.70%). This watershed has 501.83 stream miles, 1,225.60 lake acres and 21,492.02 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.