Fish and Aquatic Life
Chetac Lake is a 1,920 acre drainage lake located just northeast of the Village of Birchwood on the headwaters of the Red Cedar River. Ths large lake is somewhat shallow with a mean depth of only 14 feet. Chetac lake has a hstory of supporting an abundant growth of rooted aquatic vegetation and experiences periodic algae blooms. Historic water quality data suggests the lake is in an eutrophic condition with TSI values in the range of 64. Current water quality data is laclung on Chetac Lake and it would be desirable to document the trophic condition of this important headwater lake. Limited analysis of fish tissue has been conducted on Chetac Lake but no advisory exists at the present time.
Author Aquatic Biologist
A hard water, drainage lake on the headwaters of the Red Cedar River. Its fish population includes walleyes, northern pike, largemouth and smallmouth bass, bluegills, black crappies, perch, pumpkinseeds, rock bass and bullheads. The lake has an abundant weed and algae growth that may eventually reach problem proportions. This condition is a reflection of the lake's highfertility and more than likely is a result of many sources of domestic pollution on the lake. Lake level is maintained by a dam, controlled by Washburn County at the outlet of Birch Lake which is immediately below this lake on the drainage system. The estimated normal outlet flow is 35.0 cfs. A total of six permanently flowing streams enter Lake Chetac. Two of these feeders, Benson Creek and the outlet of Cedar Springs Hatchery have cold vater trout fisheries, while Knuteson and Squaw Creek have warm water fisheries.
The remaining two streams Malviney and another unnamed stream in Section 16 are mainly minnow streams. The wetlands along the outlets of these streams provide some habitat for waterfowl and muskrats. Other wetlands are several small marshy bays adjoining the lake. Beaver are also present. The lake receives a large number of migratory ducks in the spring and fall. The most common nesting ducks are the mallards, black ducks, blue-winged teal and wood ducks. This is one of the more extensively developed lakes, having 36 resorts and boat rentals and 72 cottages. There is a small tent camping and picnicking area near the outlet. Public access sites are located on the northeast and on the southeast shore off the corner of the town road. Both have only limited parking areas. There are seven other platted access sites, however, they are generally too steep to be developed. Public frontage amounts to a total of 0.36 miles of shoreline including a
parcel of Sawyer County owned frontage on the south shore near the outlet. A privately operated camping area is also located on the lake.Source: 1969, Surface Water Resources of Sawyer County Chetac Lake, T37N, R9W Surface Acres = 2,148.6, Maximum Depth = 30 feet, M.P.A. = 55 ppm, Secchi Disk = 6 feet.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Lakes Planning Grant
Alum Feasibility Study
Water Quality Modeling
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||583109||Lake Chetac - Site C - Central Basin||7/14/1996||8/22/2019||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10018853||Lake Chetac Access -- Nr Sunset Beach Dr And Elm St||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10022582||Chetac Lake Curly Leaf Pondweed Sample Site 10||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10018852||Lake Chetac Access -- E Side Of Lake Nr Fox Ln||6/19/2008||6/21/2008||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10042109||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 3]||5/20/2014||5/11/2015||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||583095||Lake Chetac North Basin Deep Hole||7/9/1995||8/22/2019||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||583176||Chetac Lake - Off Boat Landing On Ne Shore||7/28/2004||9/15/2019||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10043565||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 11]||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10022580||Chetac Lake Curly Leaf Pondweed Sample Site 4||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10042107||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 1]||5/20/2014||5/11/2015||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10042108||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 2]||5/20/2014||5/11/2015||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10042110||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 4]||5/20/2014||5/11/2015||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10042114||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 8]||5/21/2014||5/11/2015||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10018846||Lake Chetac Access -- E Side Of Lake Nr Fox Ln||7/2/2008||5/12/2019||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10018857||Lake Chetac Access -- N East Shore Rd - Steel Ramp||5/21/2005||10/4/2015||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10005545||Lake Chetac||9/5/2000||9/12/2017||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10022581||Chetac Lake Curly Leaf Pondweed Sample Site 9||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10042111||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 5]||5/21/2014||5/11/2015||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10042113||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 7]||5/21/2014||5/29/2014||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10047363||Lake Chetac -- Big Chetac Resort Private Boat Landing||6/1/2012||6/1/2012||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||583090||Chetac Lake - Deepest Spot||5/23/1996||11/6/1996||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||583096||Lake Chetac - Site B - South Basin||7/9/1995||7/24/2018||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10043564||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 10]||5/5/2015||5/11/2015||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||583234||Lake Chetac - Lake Chetac||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10042112||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 6]||5/21/2014||5/11/2015||Map||Data|
|2113300||Lake Chetac||10042115||Big Chetac Lake - [Herbicide Sampling Site 9]||5/21/2014||5/11/2015||Map||Data|
Lake Chetac is located in the Red Cedar Lake watershed which is 140.01 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (74%), wetland (11.20%) and a mix of open (7.40%) and other uses (7.40%). This watershed has 167.65 stream miles, 6,893.24 lake acres and 7,428.58 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Low for runoff impacts on streams, Medium for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.