Fish and Aquatic Life
The Eau Galle River watershed was sampled during the 2002 field season as part of the
WDNR wadeable streams baseline monitoring program. The Arkansaw Creek
subwatershed was sampled as part of this monitoring effort. Three sites on the mainstem
of Arkansaw Creek were sampled. Coldwater IBI and salmonid relative CPUE were
calculated at all sites sampled. Habitat data was not collected due to budget reductions
and also due to the fact that it was collected in 1998 during the Eau Galle River
Comprehensive Watershed Survey. Arkansaw Creek is currently listed as a Class II trout
stream for 7.0 miles WDNR (2002). Historically, Arkansaw Creek was considered a
marginal coldwater fishery and was stocked with domestic fingerling brown trout. The
most recent survey of Arkansaw Creek occurred in 1998 Swim et al, (2000). This
comprehensive watershed survey documented that Arkansaw Creek harbored low
densities of brown trout (CPUE ranging from 6 to 60 fish per mile). The 1998 survey
also documented that one small un-named tributary stream in the headwaters of
Arkansaw Creek contained a healthy brook trout fishery with natural reproduction.
Recommendations from the 1998 report included eliminating brown trout stocking and
converting all trout stocking practices to feral brook trout fingerlings due to excellent
thermal regimes in the headwaters of Arkansaw Creek. Feral brook trout stocking began
on Arkansaw Creek in 2001. A complete list of stocking practices over the past 5 years is
provided in (Table 1).
Coldwater IBI ratings (WST) scored 50, 70 and 80 and (WOST) scored 30, 40 and 50 at
stations #2, #4 and #5 respectively. Overall, coldwater IBI ratings have increased at all
sites when compared to the 1998 survey. In 1998, sites #2, #4 and #5 were rated as poor
and scored 10, 20 and 10 respectively. The increase in the coldwater IBI ratings is
directly related to one primary factor. Coldwater intolerant species such as mottled
sculpin, have increased at all sites when compared to the 1998 survey. In addition, very
few tolerant fish species were collected at these sites when compared to the 1998 data
and the fish assemblage is more reflective of a healthy coldwater fish community.
Wadeable Streams Baseline Monitoring -
Arkansaw Creek Subwatershed 2002
Pepin County, Wisconsin.
Author Aquatic Biologist
The 2018 assessments of Arkansaw Creek showed impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. However, available biological data did not indicate impairment (i.e. no fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). Based on the most updated information, this water was proposed for the impaired waters list.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||473010||Arkansaw Creek - Sw1/4ofsw1/4 Sec 13||4/23/1980||10/27/1980||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10009547||Arkansaw Creek 3||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10053685||Arkansaw Creek at CTH Z||6/23/2020||10/27/2020||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10009543||Arkansaw Creek Cth O Station 2||6/23/2011||10/27/2020||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10009413||Cty Rd. G Station 4||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10009412||Arkansaw Ck. 5 - Cth Z||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10009411||Cty Hwy O Station 2||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10009535||Arkansasw Creek 1 (Mouth at Eau Galle River)||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10040313||Arkansaw Creek 700' US CTH N||5/11/2013||10/22/2018||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10009168||Arkansaw Ck Stock Cty Z||10/28/2002||10/28/2002||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10009563||Arkansaw Creek Station 6 Field Road Off Of Cth Z||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10010902||Arkansaw Creek - Arkansaw Cr. - Station 2 (Cth D And O Upstream)||4/15/1998||4/15/1998||Map||Data|
|2055300||Arkansaw Creek||10009414||Arkansaw Creek - Cty Rd. G Station 4||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Arkansaw Creek is located in the Eau Galle River watershed which is 267.88 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (40.60%), forest (31%) and a mix of grassland (22.40%) and other uses (6.10%). This watershed has 519.34 stream miles, 251.50 lake acres and 3,943.12 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.