0 - 3.22
Coldwater, Cool-Cold Headwater
Elevated Water Temperature
Sediment/Total Suspended Solids
Fish and Aquatic Life
These Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) for sediment address sedimentation and degraded habitat impairment conditions in: Buell Valley Creek, Cochrane Ditch, Irish Valley Creek, Jahns Valley Creek and Weiland Valley Creek. These five streams are located in the Waumandee Creek Watershed, in the Buffalo-Trempealeau Basin. These TMDLs identify load allocations and management actions that will restore the biological integrity of these streams. Buell Valley Creek, Cochrane Ditch, Irish Valley Creek, and Jahns Valley Creek were placed on the 303(d)
impaired waters list in 1998 and were identified as low priority on the 2004 303(d) impaired waters list. Weiland Valley Creek was placed on the 2004 303(d) list as low priority. All of the streams currently support a warm water forage fishery (WWFF) with potential to support a cold water fishery (Table 1).
Weiland Valley Creek is a two-mile stream that flows into Waumandee Creek. Weiland Valley Creek receives flow from Buell Valley Creek. The current use of Weiland Valley Creek is a warm water forage fishery, with potential to support a Class II trout fishery. According to the Waumandee Priority Watershed Plan, high gradient, cool water, and fairly good sand and rubble substrate provide an ideal coldwater fish habitat. Fish surveys conducted in 2002, above Hayes Valley Road (see map, Appendix A), found 87 brook trout (of several age classes), suggesting the stream currently supports a Cold II fishery. Below Hayes Valley Rd. the stream is impacted by cattle pasturing, bank erosion and feedlot runoff. The fish survey in 2002 conducted at one mile below Hayes Valley Road showed zero fish. This fish survey data suggest the entire stream has potential to support a Cold II fishery if nonpoint sources are controlled.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
TMDL (USEPA) Approved
TMDL for Sediment Impaired Streams in the Waumandee Creek Watershed - Weiland Valley Creek. This TMDL project is designed to restore water resource substrate, which In most cases, the gravel substrate is extensively covered by sand, silt, and soft organic matter
preventing a suitable habitat for fish and macroinvertebrate communities. Filling-in of pools reduces the amount of available cover for juvenile and adult fish. Sedimentation of riffle areas reduces the reproductive success of fish by reducing the exposed gravel substrate necessary for
appropriate spawning conditions. Sedimentation also affects macroinvertebrate biomass (fish food source) which tends to be lower in areas with predominantly sand substrate than a stream substrate with a mix of gravel, rubble, and sand.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1813000||Unnamed||10038507||Weiland Valley Creek ( 1813000) us private driveway||10/17/2012||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1813000||Unnamed||10038508||Weiland Valley Creek (1813000) Ds Private Driveway||Map||Data|
|1813000||Unnamed||10010288||Unnamed Creek Remap 141-B||Map||Data|
|1813000||Unnamed||063068||Unnamed Creek - Remap: Site Id 141 - Random 2nd Order||6/17/2003||10/10/2003||Map||Data|
|1813000||Unnamed||063069||Unnamed (Bridge) - Remap: Bridge Site Id 141||6/17/2003||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1813000||Unnamed||10010277||Unnamed Creek Remap 141-X||Map||Data|
Unnamed is located in the Waumandee Creek watershed which is 221.97 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (49%), agricultural (24.60%) and a mix of grassland (13.70%) and other uses (12.60%). This watershed has 508.29 stream miles, 3,011.30 lake acres and 8,253.68 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Available for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Stream for individual Rivers based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.
Weiland Valley Creek is considered a Coldwater, Cool-Cold Headwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.
More Interactive Maps
Maps of Watershed