Fish and Aquatic Life
Park Lake, in the Swan Lake Watershed, is a 329.52 acre lake that falls in Columbia County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1965, Surface Water Resources of Columbia County Park Lake, T12N, R10E, Sections 2, 3
A large, quite irregular impoundment of the Fox River in Pardeeville, created by a dam of 17 feet head owned by the village of Pardeeville. The water is quite fertile and often turbid, possibly due to wind action on the large shallow basin. Largemouth bass, northern pike, and panfish constitute the fishery. Public access is provided by a large city park which has 2,640 feet of lake frontage and a county access site north of town on State Hwy. 44. Commercial facilities are also available, and a youth camp uses part of the shoreline. Waterfowl are commonly present, taking advantage of the extensive shallow water.
Surface Acres = 219, S.D.F. = 2.56, Maximum Depth = 8 feet
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Park Lake (WBIC 180300) was placed on the impaired waters list for total phosphorus and sediment/total suspended solids in 2006. The 2018 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus and chlorophyll sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing was needed.
Author Ashley Beranek
Park Lake (180300) was placed on the impaired waters list for total phosphorus and sediment/total suspended solids in 2006. The 2016 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; total phosphorus sample data overwhelmingly exceeded 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use, but not Fish and Aquatic Life use, and chlorophyll data exceeded both REC and FAL thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing is needed.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Columbia County Land and Water Conservation Department will conduct phase 2 of its TMDL development program for Park Lake. This phase will focus on continued monitoring along with the use of a graduate student to conduct water quality modeling to allow for final development of a TMDL for Park Lake, a 303(d) listed lake.
Fish Management, Access
Monitor or Propose 303(d) Listing
Monitor to validate that sediment is a pollutant causing an FAL impairment.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|180300||Park Lake||113087||Park Lake Site #1 at Pardeeville WI||5/3/1993||11/9/1993||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||119078||Park Lake - NE Bay||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||10018019||Park Lake -- Access - Off Hwy 44||5/13/2005||7/13/2018||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||113078||Park Lake - Deep Hole||6/11/1980||7/23/2020||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||113089||Park Lake Site 3||5/3/1993||8/25/2011||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||113090||Park Lake Site 4||5/3/1993||8/25/2011||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||113099||Park Lake - Deep Hole West||8/25/2004||8/25/2004||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||10018386||Park Lake -- Access||6/27/2006||9/30/2013||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||10014902||Park Lake||6/13/2006||10/3/2006||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||113088||Park Lake Site #2 at Pardeeville WI||5/19/1993||11/9/1993||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||10019581||Park Lake -- Access at Dead End Town Road Off Island Dr||9/24/2007||9/30/2013||Map||Data|
|180300||Park Lake||10001185||Park Lake||11/1/1993||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
Park Lake is located in the Swan Lake watershed which is 80.61 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (48.60%), forest (17.90%) and a mix of grassland (14.60%) and other uses (18.90%). This watershed has 113.04 stream miles, 942.88 lake acres and 6,861.87 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Lake for individual Lakes based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.