Fish and Aquatic Life
Peppermill Lake (Beaver Pond), in the Neenah Creek Watershed, is a 52.53 acre lake that falls in Adams County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1966, Surface Water Resources of Adams County Beaver Pond, T15N, R7E, Section 15
A hard water, drained lake located at the headwaters of Peppermill Creek. This lake was originally formed by a beaver dam. Local residents improved upon the dam, strengthening it and making it a more permanent structure. The water is clear, about neutral (neither acid or alkaline) and transparency is high. Largemouth bass, bluegills, and pumpkinseed are present. There is no public access. Mallard ducks nest at the lake and migrating ducks use it. Furbearers, including muskrat, beaver and mink, are present.
Surface Acres = 50.6, S.D.F. = 1.90, Maximum Depth = 6 feet
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Peppermill Lake (Beaver Pond) (178700) was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; total phosphorus and chlorophyll sample data were clearly below 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water is meeting these designated uses and is not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Adams County proposes to provide up to 75% of the cost of shoreland restoration practices to lake front property owners on Peppermill Lake. Grant funds will be distributed to fund establishment of vegetative buffers and implementation of individual stormwater management plans.
Adams County proposes to wrap up its county-wide lake classification effort. Major project elements to include: 1) completion of water sampling, 2) development of lakes classification report and individual lake summaries, 3) development of a powerpoint presentation, 4) four public meetings, 5) expansion of shoreline restoration packet.
Adams County continue its lake classification efforts through collecting and assessing chemical and biological data on all lakes within the county that afford public access. Major project componants to include: 1) collection and assessment of chemical and biological data, 2) development of a "library" of information for public use, 3) development of management recommendations, 4) I&E for riparians and lake users.
Adams County proposes to initiate a Lakes Classification effort to assist in comprehensive plan development for communities surrounding its lakes with public access. Phase 1 elements, to be funded with this grant, include: 1) delination of surface watersheds and flow patterns, 2) delineation of ground watersheds, 3) identification and mapping of land uses, 4) inventory and mapping of shoreline erosion and development problems, 5) identification and mapping of sensitive/critical areas and natural heritage habitats, 6) verification of wetland delineations, 7) delineations of lake watersheds, 8) development of lake maps
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|178700||Peppermill Lake||10030218||Peppermill Lake - E End of Lake||7/25/2009||9/1/2019||Map||Data|
|178700||Peppermill Lake||10031335||Peppermill Lake - East/Central (Site #128)||6/6/2010||9/1/2019||Map||Data|
|178700||Peppermill Lake||014002||Peppermill Lake - Peppermill Lake||8/13/1979||8/13/1979||Map||Data|
|178700||Peppermill Lake||10054916||Peppermill Lake - Outflow||10/9/2020||10/19/2021||Map||Data|
|178700||Peppermill Lake||10031334||Peppermill Lake - South End of Lake (Site # 60)||6/6/2010||10/19/2021||Map||Data|
|178700||Peppermill Lake||10018110||Peppermill Lake -- Access||5/25/2008||7/6/2020||Map||Data|
|178700||Peppermill Lake||10000549||Peppermill Lake||6/1/1995||3/15/2021||Map||Data|
|178700||Peppermill Lake||013144||Peppermill Lake - Deepest Point||6/23/1992||10/19/2021||Map||Data|
Peppermill Lake is located in the Neenah Creek watershed which is 173.35 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (38.20%), agricultural (30.80%) and a mix of wetland (14.80%) and other uses (16.20%). This watershed has 198.75 stream miles, 2,104.14 lake acres and 14,499.98 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Available for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.