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Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Warm Mainstem
Fish and Aquatic Life
Spring Coulee Creek, also known as Creek 16-6, flows for approximately two miles in a westerly direction before reaching the Mississippi River just north of Genoa. This stream has a moderate gradient of 46 feet per mile and drains steep forested hills, lowland pasture, and agricultural land. Creek 16-6 is Class I trout stream for its entire length.
Author Aquatic Biologist
A 1999 survey of Spring Coulee Creek documented numerous forage fish species and a stream with the potential to hold and grow wild brook trout. In October, 2000, 409 adult wild brook trout were stocked in Spring Coulee Creek. Surveys in the subsequent three years documented a naturally reproducing brook trout population. This data allowed the WDNR to classify Spring Coulee Creek as a Class I trout stream for its entire length.
The extreme flooding that took place in the Coon Creek Watershed in the summer of 2007 and the spring of 2008 may have detrimentally affected the population of brook trout in this small tributary to the Mississippi River. A follow-up survey should be conducted to determine if the brook trout still inhabit Spring Coulee Creek. Access is possible from three road crossings, the Upper Mississippi River Fish and Wildlife Refuge, and DNR owned land.
Author Lisa Helmuth
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Monitor Watershed (Status,Sources,Impairments)
Grant awarded, monitoring conducted, streambank erosion control implemented, planning and assessments.
Monitor Fish Community
WDNR should conduct surveys of Spring Coulee Creek (Creek 16-6) and Hohlfield Creek (Creek 20-16) to determine success of wild brook trout stocking.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1643400||Unnamed||10013107||Unnamed Creek Remap 0976 ||Map||Data|
|1643400||Unnamed||10009142||Spring Coulee Creek #1 Below Umburger Driveway||Map||Data|
|1643400||Unnamed||10009143||Spring Coulee Creek #2 Bridge On Spring Coulee Rd||8/12/2011||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Unnamed is located in the Coon Creek watershed which is 238.20 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (44.60%), grassland (21.30%) and a mix of agricultural (16.50%) and other uses (17.60%). This watershed has 574.90 stream miles, 4,342.05 lake acres and 6,052.31 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked Medium Stream for individual Rivers based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.
Spring Coulee Cr (16-5) is considered a Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Warm Mainstem under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.
More Interactive Maps
Maps of Watershed