Fish and Aquatic Life
Deer Lake, T38N, R11E, Section 10 Surface Acres = 174.7, S.D.F. = 2.16, Maximum Depth = 17 feet.
A soft water drainage lake having slightly acid light brown water of low transparency. Sand is the chief littoral material (65 percent) with gravel (13 percent), muck (15 percent) and some rock present. The shoreline is predominantly upland (93 percent) with a meadow-shrub wetland adjoining a limited portion of the lake basin. Muskellunge, northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, perch, bluegill, crappie, rock bass, pumpkinseed, bullhead and suckers are found in this lake. Public access without parking as well as navigable water access are available. Three resorts and 26 dwellings are located on the shoreline. Part of the Three Lakes Chain water levels are influenced by the dam on the Eagle River below Long Lake.
Author Aquatic Biologist
The 2018 assessment of Deer Lake (WBIC 1612300) showed continued impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data overwhelmingly exceeded 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. New fish tissue sample data exceeded 2018 WisCALM Mercury listing thresholds for the Fish Consumption use. Special consumption advice for Mercury was applied to this lake and it was proposed for Mercury listing. Based on the most updated information, this water was proposed for the impaired waters list.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
"The data from 2011 and 2015 appear to meet the minimum data requirements and show an impairment for a two-story lake.
Deer Lake is part of the Three Lakes Chain which contains multiple two-story lakes. However, the bathymetry of Deer Lake itself would not support a two-story fishery. Cisco are a transient fish in the lake according to the DNR two-story fishery list. "
Agree that this is a transient two-story fishery. TP is still high enough to be listed, but recommend further monitoring in the future.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1599500||Eagle River||10004282||Dog Lake||7/27/1999||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|1612400||Crystal Creek||10004585||Mud Lake (Oneida County)||7/27/1999||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|1612300||Deer Lake||443087||Deer Lake - Deepest Spot||8/16/1979||9/23/2021||Map||Data|
|1612300||Deer Lake||10054823||Deer Lake - North Basin Deepest Spot||4/12/2021||9/15/2021||Map||Data|
|1612500||Mud Lake||10004585||Mud Lake (Oneida County)||7/27/1999||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|1612300||Deer Lake||10004584||Deer Lake||7/27/1999||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|1612400||Crystal Creek||10004584||Deer Lake||7/27/1999||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|1612900||Dog Lake||10004282||Dog Lake||7/27/1999||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|1599500||Eagle River||10004584||Deer Lake||7/27/1999||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
Deer Lake is located in the Eagle River watershed which is 181.70 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (55.60%), wetland (28%) and a mix of open (12.90%) and other uses (3.50%). This watershed has 146.13 stream miles, 15,720.03 lake acres and 32,094.84 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.