Fish and Aquatic Life
Long Lake, T39N, R11E, Section 8
A soft water drainage lake having neutral clear water of moderate transparency. Littoral materials consist primarily of sand (70 percent) with muck (15 percent), gravel (10 percent) and some rock. Shoreline is predominantly upland (95 percent) with a coniferous-bog wetland adjoining a limited portion of the lake basin. Submergent vegetation is moderate in density. Fish present are muskellunge, northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, perch, bluegill, crappie, rock bass, pumpkinseed, bullhead and sucker. Public access without parking and that of navigable water are available. Wisconsin Valley Improvement Company maintains a landing for public use on the outlet. Three resorts and 81 dwellings are located on the lakeshore. A water control structure of nine foot head located on the outlet stream (Eagle River) maintains lake levels in this lake as well as Most lakes upstream from this on the Three Lakes Chain. Due to this water control structure, navigable water access to most lakes on the Three Lakes Chain is assured. A boat lift is located at the dam for which a nominal fee is charged. This lift permits boating between the Eagle Chain in Vilas County and the Three Lakes Chain.
Surface Acres = 588, S.D.F. = 2.33, Maximum Depth = 22 feet
Author Aquatic Biologist
Long Lake (1609000) was placed on the impaired waters list due to Mercury in fish tissue in 1998. This water is impaired for Fish Consumption use; a special consumption advisory is in effect for Long Lake. This water was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; total phosphorus sample data were clearly below 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Chlorophyll sample data were clearly below FAL use listing thresholds and did not exceed REC listing thresholds. This water is considered to be meeting both Recreation and Fish and Aquatic Life uses.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1609000||Long Lake||10018925||Long Lake -- Access Nr Van Bussum Rd||7/5/2008||8/17/2021||Map||Data|
|1609000||Long Lake||10053015||Schomann Rd off Highway X||7/19/2019||7/19/2019||Map||Data|
|1599500||Eagle River||10004264||Long Lake(3 Lakes Chain)||7/27/1999||5/2/2022||Map||Data|
|1609000||Long Lake||443210||Long Lake - Deep Hole ||7/9/1979||5/17/2022||Map||Data|
|1609000||Long Lake||443415||Long Lake - Site 2 - NE Lobe||8/15/1993||8/23/2009||Map||Data|
|1609000||Long Lake||10043131||Eagle River just North of Long Lake||8/19/2014||8/19/2014||Map||Data|
|1599500||Eagle River||10043131||Eagle River just North of Long Lake||8/19/2014||8/19/2014||Map||Data|
|1609000||Long Lake||10004264||Long Lake(3 Lakes Chain)||7/27/1999||5/2/2022||Map||Data|
Long Lake is located in the Eagle River watershed which is 181.70 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (55.60%), wetland (28%) and a mix of open (12.90%) and other uses (3.50%). This watershed has 146.13 stream miles, 15,720.03 lake acres and 32,094.84 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.