Fish and Aquatic Life
Second Lake, in the Pelican River Watershed, is a 102.71 acre lake that falls in Oneida County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Source: 1966, Surface Water Resources of Oneida County
Second Lake, T37N, R10E, Section 30
Surface Acres = 110.6, S.D.F. = 1.56, Maximum Depth = 11 feet
A soft water drainage lake having medium brown water of low
transparency. Muck is the predominant littoral material (55
percent) with sand (30 percent), gravel (10 percent) and some rock.
The shoreline is predominantly wetland of the bog-shrub type (65
percent) with upland adjoining a significant portion of the lake
basin. Muskellunge, northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass,
smallmouth bass, perch, bluegill, crappie, rock bass, pumpkinseed,
bullhead and suckers provide a variety to the angler. Public
access is possible by either navigating the inlet or outlet
streams. One resort and four dwellings are located on the
shoreline. Puddle ducks use this lake on their spring and fall
migrations. Part of the Moen's Lake Chain water levels are
influenced by the dam on the outlet of Fifth Lake.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Second Lake was assessed during the 2014 listing cycle; new fish tissue data indicates that this lake should be on the impaired waters list because of specific consumption advice.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
County Land and Water Management Plan
The Town of Pine Lake will develop a comprehensive land use plan with implementation strategies to address land and water issues in the town. Activities associated with this project include; facilitated public meetings and workshop; town wide survey; draft and final reports; developmentof maps and exhibits for public informational meetings; development and mailing of a poster plan; project management/coordination.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1572300||Second Lake||10004515||Second Lake||7/27/1999||11/22/2021||Map||Data|
|1572300||Second Lake||443251||Second Lake - Deep Hole||7/17/1979||12/2/2021||Map||Data|
Second Lake is located in the Pelican River watershed which is 264.88 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (51.10%), wetland (37.30%) and a mix of open (5%) and other uses (6.60%). This watershed has 244.69 stream miles, 8,823.57 lake acres and 59,960.52 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Medium for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.