Fish and Aquatic Life
Fourth Lake, in the Pelican River Watershed, is a 252.94 acre lake that falls in Oneida County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Source: 1966, Surface Water Resources of Oneida County
Fourth Lake, T36N, R10E Section 3
Surface Acres = 258.2, S.D.F. = 1.15, Maximum Depth = 9 feet
A soft water drainage lake having slightly acid medium brown
water of low transparency. Sand is the principal littoral material
(65 percent) with rock (20 percent), gravel (10 percent) and some
muck. The shoreline is predominantly upland (83 percent) with a
coniferous-shrub wetland adjoining portions of the lake basin.
Muskellunge, northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, smallmouth
bass, perch, bluegill, crappie, rock bass, pumpkinseed, bullhead
and suckers inhabit the lake. The only means of public access is
by navigating either the inlet or outlet stream. Three resorts and
forty dwellings are located on the shoreline. The lake may be of
value to nesting waterfowl. Puddle ducks and diving ducks use
thislake on their fall migrations. Lake level is influenced by a
water control structure of seven foot head located on the outlet of
Fifth Lake. Part of the Moen's Lake Chain.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Fourth Lake was assessed during the 2014 listing cycle; fish tissue data indicates that this lake should be on the impaired waters list because of specific consumption advice.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1572000||Fourth Lake||10015052||Fourth Lake/Fifth Lake - Treaty Chain||Map||Data|
|1572000||Fourth Lake||10042312||Fourth Lake - Huber's - Private Boat Access||6/21/2014||6/10/2017||Map||Data|
|1572000||Fourth Lake||443099||Fourth Lake - Deep Hole||7/17/1979||6/15/2016||Map||Data|
|1572000||Fourth Lake||10004513||Fourth Lake||7/27/1999||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|1572000||Fourth Lake||443388||Fourth Lake-Moen Chain - Center 15 Ft Dp||10/29/1992||10/29/1992||Map||Data|
Fourth Lake is located in the Pelican River watershed which is 264.88 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (51.10%), wetland (37.30%) and a mix of open (5%) and other uses (6.60%). This watershed has 244.69 stream miles, 8,823.57 lake acres and 59,960.52 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Medium for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.