Fish and Aquatic Life
Bear Lake, in the Middle Tomahawk River Watershed, is a 295.20 acre lake that falls in Oneida County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1966, Surface Water Resources of Oneida County Bear Lake, T38N, R5E, Section 24 Surface Acres = 304, S.D.F = 1.68, Maximum Depth = 29 feet.
A soft water spring lake having neutral, clear water of moderate transparency. Sand is the principal littoral material (50 percent) with muck (25 percent) and some gravel and rubble present. Approximately one-third of the shoreline is bog wetland with the remainder being upland dominated by hardwoods. Muskellunge, northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, perch, bluegill, crappie, pumpkinseed and sucker are fish species known to inhabit this lake. Public access is of the wilderness type. Four resorts, a private campground, and 23 dwellings are found on the lakeshore. Puddle ducks and diving ducks make use of this lake on their fall migration.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Bear Lake was evaluated every two years between 2014 and 2020 for phosphorus and algae and was found to be in good condition. This lake is on the healthy waters list.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
County Land and Water Management Plan
Town of Hazelhurst proposes to develop a comprehensive land use plan and implementation strategies to address the land and water issues in the Town. The Town proposes to work closely with Oneida County's lake classification program to create a land use plan that matches appropriate land uses with the specific class of lakes in the watershed.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1527800||Bear Lake||10018921||Bear Lake -- Access at NE Side Of Lake at End Of S Fork Rd||7/29/2011||5/31/2020||Map||Data|
|1527800||Bear Lake||443187||Bear Lake - Deep Hole||4/28/1985||5/26/2020||Map||Data|
|1527800||Bear Lake||10001423||Bear Lake||4/18/1995||4/17/2020||Map||Data|
Bear Lake is located in the Middle Tomahawk River watershed which is 233.30 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (64.60%), wetland (26.90%) and a mix of open (7%) and other uses (1.50%). This watershed has 191.49 stream miles, 4,575.90 lake acres and 42,061.39 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.