Fish and Aquatic Life
Easton Lake is a 24-acre impoundment
on Campbell Creek in southern Adams County, Wisconsin. Easton
Lake has a maximum depth of 10 feet and an average depth is 5
feet. The watershed of Easton Lake encompasses 13,440 acres;
this means that the water eventually entering Easton Lake, drains
from 13,440 acres. This gives a drainage area:lakes size ratio
of 560:1. Lakes with drainage area/lake size ratios greater than
10:1 tend to have water quality problems (Field 1994). The
watershed is used primarily for agriculture (Klish 2000).
Easton Lake was created as a millpond in 1855. In 1978, the
residents on Easton Lake formed a Lake District and have
sponsored projects for the management of the lake.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1966, Surface Water Resources of Adams County Easton Lake, T16N, R6E, Section 29 Surface Acres = 15.3, S.D.F. = 2.74, Maximum Depth = 11 feet A hard water drainage lake located on Campbell Creek. The clear water is alkaline and has moderate transparency. The dam has a 13 foot head and is privately owned. Largemouth bass, brown trout, northern pike, bluegills, black crappies, pumpkinseed, bullheads, and white suckers comprise the fishery. Past surveys also indicate the presence of carp but they are no problem. There is public access from a road crossing at the dam and from a county-owned boat launching site and parking area. There are 34 dwellings around the impoundment. Aquatic vegetation is an important use problem. Muskrat are present. Dabbler species of ducks nest at the lake and it is also used by spring and fall migrants.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Adams County proposes to wrap up its county-wide lake classification effort. Major project elements to include: 1) completion of water sampling, 2) development of lakes classification report and individual lake summaries, 3) development of a powerpoint presentation, 4) four public meetings, 5) expansion of shoreline restoration packet.
Adams County continue its lake classification efforts through collecting and assessing chemical and biological data on all lakes within the county that afford public access. Major project componants to include: 1) collection and assessment of chemical and biological data, 2) development of a "library" of information for public use, 3) development of management recommendations, 4) I&E for riparians and lake users.
Adams County proposes to initiate a Lakes Classification effort to assist in comprehensive plan development for communities surrounding its lakes with public access. Phase 1 elements, to be funded with this grant, include: 1) delination of surface watersheds and flow patterns, 2) delineation of ground watersheds, 3) identification and mapping of land uses, 4) inventory and mapping of shoreline erosion and development problems, 5) identification and mapping of sensitive/critical areas and natural heritage habitats, 6) verification of wetland delineations, 7) delineations of lake watersheds, 8) development of lake maps
Dam Safety or Removal
The Easton Lake impoundment on Campbell Creek should be examined to determine if it needs repairs or removal. Fish passage around the dam should be considered if the dam is to be repaired. Money for such as effort could be received through grant programs such as the River Planning Grant.
Campbell Creek should be considered for a nonpoint source pollution abatement project such as a TRM grant.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1343400||Campbell Creek||10044249||Campbell Creek Below Habitat Site||Map||Data|
|1343600||Easton Lake||10021086||Easton Lake - Deepest Point||7/19/2002||8/21/2018||Map||Data|
|1343600||Easton Lake||10000533||Easton Lake||7/27/1999||3/2/2018||Map||Data|
|1343600||Easton Lake||10017432||Easton Lake -- Easton Pond Access||6/22/2012||6/22/2012||Map||Data|
|1343600||Easton Lake||10044063||Easton Pond (Center)||Map||Data|
Easton Lake is located in the Duck and Plainville Creeks watershed which is 195.09 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (56.40%), agricultural (25.70%) and a mix of wetland (7.60%) and other uses (10.30%). This watershed has 218.59 stream miles, 339.26 lake acres and 9,551.62 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Low for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.