0 - 6.43
Degraded Habitat, Impairment Unknown
Total Phosphorus, Sediment/Total Suspended Solids
Fish and Aquatic Life
Crossman Creek is a low gradient spring and seepage fed tributary to the Baraboo River that
begins in Juneau County. Baseline surveys conducted in the summer of 2000 determined the
creek to be in poor condition. Currently, the lower 4.5 miles are supporting a warm water
forage fishery, although this section of the creek could be a warm water sport fishery. The
upper 5 miles are currently a limited forage fishery, although it has potential to be a higher
quality forage fishery. The lower 4.5 miles of the creek are listed on the EPAÃ½s list of
impaired waters as a result of nonpoint sources of pollution. This pollution causes problems
with habitat and with turbidity in the stream.
A cursory habitat evaluation was conducted during the summer of 2001. The evaluation
found the creek to have mostly good quality habitat, although at the mouth and at the
uppermost reaches seem to be a little more degraded than the middle portion. The main
habitat problem can be attributed to nonpoint sources of pollution from the surrounding
watershed and bank failure and erosion. This nonpoint pollution leads to sedimentation of
the stream bottom.
Ripp, Coreen, Koperski, Cindy and Folstad, Jason. 2002. The State of the Lower Wisconsin River Basin.
PUBL WT-559-2002. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Nine Key Element Plan
Crossman Creek - Little Baraboo River PWS Plan - Nine Key Element Plan - The Crossman Creek - Little Baraboo River Priority Watershed Plan addresses the needs for control of nonpoint source pollution to the Baraboo River and to the tributaries entering the Baraboo River between Wonewoc and Reedsburg.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1286700||Crossman Creek||10008281||Crossman Creek Station 1/Cth I||Map||Data|
|1286700||Crossman Creek||10039191||Crossman Creek at Stout Rd||Map||Data|
|1286700||Crossman Creek||10040156||Crossman Creek 0.5mi E of Byington Rd||10/1/2013||10/1/2013||Map||Data|
|1286700||Crossman Creek||10030084||Crossman Creek US of Stout Rd||6/2/2009||6/26/2017||Map||Data|
|1286700||Crossman Creek||293072||Crossman Creek - Cth 'I'||4/18/1985||4/18/1985||Map||Data|
Crossman Creek is located in the Crossman Creek and Little Baraboo River watershed which is 213.80 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (36.40%), grassland (32.90%) and a mix of agricultural (20.40%) and other uses (10.30%). This watershed has 466.61 stream miles, 244.11 lake acres and 6,321.59 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Available for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Crossman Creek is considered a Cool-Cold Mainstem under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Mainstem streams are moderate-to-large but still wadeable perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are common to absent,
mainstem species are abundant to common, and river species are common to absent.