Brown, Kewaunee, Manitowoc
Fish and Aquatic Life
The Neshota River is a low gradient, low flow stream with fair water quality. Good bottom substrate is present in much of the river and the upper river likely supports a forage fish community, which includes the greater redhorse (Moxostoma valenciennesi), a threatened species. The lower three miles of the river have a warmwater sport fishery that is only partially supporting its use potential due to excessive sediment deposition, nutrient enrichment and turbidity from nonpoint sources of water pollution. Significant nonpoint sources in the watershed include cropland erosion, streambank pasturing and barnyard runoff. Poor manure management practices resulted in a large spill and subsequent fish kill in the middle 1990s. In addition, noxious materials from milkhouse drains are suspected of degrading surface and groundwater quality in the area. If nonpoint sources were controlled, this lower reach of stream could support a higher quality warmwater fishery.
Author Michael Toneys
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
NE SW S2 T22N R22E; King Creek, trib;
NE NE S8 T22N R22E; King Creek, trib;
In Manitowoc County, three of the five active barnyards in the watershed within 300 feet of a mapped stream need runoff control improvements. One needs to remove livestock access from stream.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|88200||Neshota River||363267||Neshota River - Nachtwey Road||10/23/1978||11/7/1994||Map||Data|
|88200||Neshota River||10020771||Neshoto River-Below Bridge Off Tn. Rd. Off CC||Map||Data|
|88200||Neshota River||10016943||Neshota River - Irish Road||10/23/1978||6/23/1994||Map||Data|
|88200||Neshota River||10030639||West Twin River at Zander Rd||Map||Data|
|88200||Neshota River||10039363||Neshota River at Hwy BB||Map||Data|
|88200||Neshota River||10009857||Neshota River - Neshota River at Highway Bb||1/24/1994||9/6/2018||Map||Data|
Neshota River is located in the West Twin River watershed which is 180.11 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (54.30%), grassland (21.50%) and a mix of wetland (10.60%) and other uses (13.80%). This watershed has 360.91 stream miles, 1,898.59 lake acres and 10,189.53 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Medium for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Stream for individual Rivers based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.