Fish and Aquatic Life
Kinnickinnic Pond, in the Kinnickinnic River Watershed, is a 12.28 acre lake that falls in Pierce County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
The pond is an 18 acre impoundment on the Kinnickinnic River within the city of River Falls.
The dam creating the impoundment is utilized to generate hydroelectric power. Historical
sedimentation, nuisance aquatic plant growth and heavy metals contamination in the sediments
are the major concerns limiting the usage of the impoundment. A lake management plan was
completed for the lake in 1985 identifying several management alternatives for the lake.
Additional management alternatives were developed with the city in 1986 regarding limited
dredging in the impoundment. Sediment sampling done to obtain a dredging permit identified
elevated metals concentrations in the sediments in the proposed dredge site. The source of
these metals was identified to be an illegal industrial discharge which has since been eliminated.
There has not been a comprehensive lake management project implemented to alleviate the
water quality problems identified in the impoundment.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Source: 1971, Surface Water Resources of Pierce County Kinnickinnic Pond, Upper, T27N, R19W, S1 Surface Acres = 17.7, S.D.F. = 2.38, Maximum Depth = 9 feet This hard water, drainage impoundment is located on the Kinnickinnic River at River Falls. The dam is used for power, it has a height of 46 feet, and it is owned by the city. The water is clear, alkaline, and has a low transparency. Brown trout, crappie, green sunfish, and black bullhead comprise the sport fishery. Carp are common. There is approximately 330 feet of public frontage near the upper end of the flowage. Two bridges cross the flowage and 13 dwellings are located on the water. Muskrat are significant.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Runoff Grant - Urban Nonpoint Source & Stormwater Management - Planning
Lake Management Plan Implementation
Any management activities implemented in the Kinnickinnic Pond must
take into account the protection of the outstanding trout fishery and the
ORW status of the Kinnickinnic River (Type A).
Lakes Planning Grant
The Upper Kinnickinnic Pond should be considered a high priority to
receive a lakes planning grant to further develop lake management
alternatives (Type B).
Runoff Grant - Urban Nonpoint Source & Stormwater Management - Construction
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2601800||Kinnickinnic River||10032636||Kinnickinnic River at Winter St. bridge River Falls||Map||Data|
|2603700||Kinnickinnic Pond, Upper||10048605||Kinnickinnic Pond, Upper - Center||6/19/2017||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|2603000||Kinnickinnic Pond, Lower||10048608||Kinnickinnic River DS Upper Reservoir (WBIC 2603700)||6/19/2017||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|2603700||Kinnickinnic Pond, Upper||10004767||Upper Kinnickinnic Pond||8/7/2001||10/3/2016||Map||Data|
|2601800||Kinnickinnic River||10048608||Kinnickinnic River DS Upper Reservoir (WBIC 2603700)||6/19/2017||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|2603700||Kinnickinnic Pond, Upper||10032636||Kinnickinnic River at Winter St. bridge River Falls||Map||Data|
Kinnickinnic Pond, Upper is located in the Kinnickinnic River watershed which is 206.08 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (47.30%), grassland (25.40%) and a mix of forest (19.40%) and other uses (7.80%). This watershed has 283.63 stream miles, 508.55 lake acres and 1,305.73 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.