Fish and Aquatic Life
This soft water seepage lake is located three miles southwest of Rosholt. The water is light brown in color, and develops a thermocline at eleven feet. Littoral bottom materials consist of sand, gravel, muck, and marl with rubble and boulder also present, but limited. Northern pike, perch, largemouth bass and bluegills are the most common fish species. Walleyes, black crappie, pumpkinseed, green sunfish, brown and yellow bullhead, and white sucker are present also. Overall fishing pressure on this lake is light. A large county park and campground is present on the north side. Grills, picnic area, beach, bathhouse, toilets, playground, concession stand, and boat rental are available. A boat launching area is present at the west end of the park. Other development is limited to ten cottages, leaving the lake relatively unspoiled and scenic. Wildlife use is limited.
Source: 1972, Surface Water Resources of Portage County Fish (Collins) Lake, T25N, R10E, Section 31, Surface Acres-49.4, S.D.F.-1-72, Maximum Depth-56 feet.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Collins (Fish) Lake (WBIC 270200) was placed on the impaired waters list in 2002 for Mercury and in 2014 for total phosphorus. The 2018 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Chlorophyll-a sample data did not exceed the REC or FAL use thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in the existing impaired waters listing was needed.
Author Ashley Beranek
Collins (Fish) Lake (270200) was placed on the impaired waters list in 2002 for Mercury and in 2014 for total phosphorus. The 2016 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; total phosphorus and chlorophyll sample data exceeded 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use, but did not exceed Fish and Aquatic Life thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing is needed.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|270200||Collins Lake||10005126||Collins Lake||7/27/1999||9/2/2016||Map||Data|
Collins Lake is located in the Waupaca River watershed which is 290.77 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (43.70%), agricultural (30.40%) and a mix of grassland (14%) and other uses (11.80%). This watershed has 231.34 stream miles, 2,456.10 lake acres and 14,124.68 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.