0 - 3.25
Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Warm Headwater
Elevated Water Temperature
Sediment/Total Suspended Solids
Fish and Aquatic Life
Perennial Stream A (SPP1) is located in the Spring Prairie subwatershed and is 2.9 miles long with a drainage area of 5.13 square miles. The stream is listed as impaired for its entire length for habitat degradation and turbidity. A 1995 biological assessment classified this as a Cold Water communities stream based on low-flow water temperature assessment (12.6 degrees C). Its official existing use is a Limited Forage Fishery community stream. The headwaters of this stream have been almost entirely eliminated through the use of drain tiles. The stream then flows through a spring fed, natural lowland forest/wetland section before entering a channelized region. It ultimately flows through a well-buffered wetland area before entering Honey Creek.
Excessive sedimentation, 0.5 to 2.0 feet of soft sediment, has been measured in the
channel upstream of its confluence with Honey Creek. The habitat rating changes
from good in the upstream reach to fair upstream of the confluence with Honey
Creek. (For more information see description in appraisal report under section on
Spring Prairie Subwatershed.)
The sources of the problem are from agricultural uses. The factors causing water
quality degradation in this stream segment are cropland erosion, historical
channelization and pasturing, drain tiles and bank debrushing (loss of shade). Stream temperatures have also increased due to surface runoff. Stream temperatures were observed to be 18.2 degrees C in July 1995.
Recommendations in the watershed plan are to reduce suspended solids, protect the springs and surrounding wetlands, discourage future wetland drainage activities, maintain a buffer strip, discourage future bank debrushing and provide shading, and discourage future dredging and wetland drainage activities. Its potential use is a cold water fishery. The codified use is a warm water sport fishery.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
Unnamed is located in the Sugar and Honey Creeks watershed which is 166.22 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (55.30%), forest (15.10%) and a mix of wetland (10.90%) and other uses (18.60%). This watershed has 208.62 stream miles, 1,943.12 lake acres and 9,489.18 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Medium for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Stream for individual Rivers based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.
Perennial Stream A (Spp1) is considered a Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Warm Headwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Warm-Transition) Headwaters are small, sometimes intermittent streams with cool to warm summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are uncommon to absent, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are common to uncommon. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.