Fish and Aquatic Life
Squaw Creek, located in central Monroe County, flows for nearly six miles in a southwesterly direction before reaching the La Crosse River. It has a gradient of 25 feet per mile and drains a portion of Fort McCoy and a small amount of agricultural land outside the Fort. Squaw Creek is a Class I trout stream above Squaw Lake for 5.6 miles and Class III below Squaw Lake for 0.2 miles.
The primary substrate of Squaw Creek is sand with small amounts of gravel and boulder present. In-stream cover is scarce. Stormwater runoff from the many buildings and roads centered in the Fort contribute to erosion problems in the creek. Brook trout and a variety of forage fish species make up the Squaw Creek fishery. The addition of in-stream cover would benefit the Squaw Creek fishery. Access to Squaw Creek is via Fort McCoy.
Author Aquatic Biologist
From the mouth to Squaw Lake Dam (class 2); from squaw lake to the headwaters (class 1).
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1665800||Suukjak Sep Creek||10017094||Squaw Creek Site 0501 - Samples Collected Below Tank Trailoff Main Road Way||11/11/1994||3/20/1995||Map||Data|
|1665800||Suukjak Sep Creek||10020529||Squaw Creek St. 4 Approx. 3000ft Upstream Of New Squaw Pond Dam||Map||Data|
|1665800||Suukjak Sep Creek||10016861||Squaw Creek Site 0502 - Samples Collected Below Landfillsite||11/11/1994||3/21/1995||Map||Data|
|1665800||Suukjak Sep Creek||10020527||Squaw Creek St. 2 Approx. 1000ft Above Squaw Lake||Map||Data|
|1665800||Suukjak Sep Creek||10020528||Squaw Creek St. 3 Below New Squaw Pond Dam||Map||Data|
|1665800||Suukjak Sep Creek||10020530||Squaw Creek St. 5 Stream Crosses Rd. And West Line Of S5||Map||Data|
Suukjak Sep Creek is located in the Upper La Crosse River watershed which is 126.12 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (62.40%), grassland (11.90%) and a mix of agricultural (9.80%) and other uses (16.10%). This watershed has 167.76 stream miles, 207.50 lake acres and 4,875.27 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.