Fish and Aquatic Life
Tozer Lake, in the Shell Lake and Upper Yellow River Watershed, is a 34.66 acre lake that falls in Washburn County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1978, Surface Water Resources of Washburn County
Tozer Lake, T38N, R13W, Section 2, Surface Acres-36.0, Maximum Depth-46
feet, M.P.A.-77 ppm, Secchi Disk-11 feet
A hard water, seepage lake two miles southwest of Spooner. It has
clear water and is landlocked. Its present fishery is made up of
northern pike, largemouth bass, bluegills, pumpkinseeds, brown bullheads
and white suckers. The panfish here have been traditionally slow
growing. Tozer Lake was managed for trout for eleven years. The lake
was treated with rotenone in 1955 to remove its entire fish population,
which was predominantly stunted panfish, and brook and rainbow trout were
introduced. The rehabilitation removal project was apparently not
complete since warm water fish species reestablished themselves rapidly.
The lake was again treated with toxaphene in 1959 and trout
reestablished. Although the trout management provided good fishing for
these species, the continued reestablishment of warm water species became
an obstacle to the lake's management for trout and trout stocking was
discontinued after 1966. An experimental introduction of coho salmon in
1970 and 1971 was unsuccessful, probably due to predation by northern
pike. The entire shoreline is sand bottom except for the dredged bay on
the west end. Rooted aquatic vegetation is common and filamentous algal
growth is also quite prevalent. There are no longer any wetlands around
Tozer Lake. Uplands with mixed hardwood and pine are found on most of
the lakeshore. A few mallards and teal nest around the lake yet, but
development has diminished this activity. Furbearer use is not
significant. There is a small public access at the northeast end of the
lake and an undeveloped, platted access off the south side. These sites
are also the extent of the public frontage. There are presently 23
cottages on the lakeshore.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2502000||Tozer Lake||10028988||Tozer Lake - Deep Hole||7/18/2008||9/26/2021||Map||Data|
|2502000||Tozer Lake||10018250||Tozer Lake -- Access||9/11/2003||10/8/2018||Map||Data|
|2502000||Tozer Lake||10006705||Tozer Lake||9/5/2000||7/17/2019||Map||Data|
Tozer Lake is located in the Shell Lake and Upper Yellow River watershed which is 166.67 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (56.10%), agricultural (12.10%) and a mix of grassland (11%) and other uses (20.70%). This watershed has 118.54 stream miles, 5,764.04 lake acres and 9,834.60 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.