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Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem
Fish and Aquatic Life
Ash Creek is a spring and seepage fed stream that is a Class I trout stream. Baseline
monitoring was conducted in 2000. The stream supports some natural reproduction of brook
and brown trout. Wisconsin WDNR South Central Region Fisheries Management Staff have
developed a fisheries management plan to improve the health of the brook trout fishery of Ash
Creek. Obstructions such as beaver dams and deadfalls have been removed to improve the
upstream or downstream movement of trout. In addition, streambank habitat has been
improved and lunker structures have been installed. Other in-stream habitat work, such as the
creation of pools has been completed. Currently, a catch and release fishing regulation has
been passed to aid in the establishment of a healthy trout population. The success of the
fishery as a result of these actions will be assessed every 5 years through baseline monitoring.
From: Ripp, Coreen, Koperski, Cindy and Folstad, Jason. 2002. The State of the Lower Wisconsin River Basin. PUBL WT-559-2002. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Ash Creek was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10008090||Ash Creek Station 2||11/13/2000||11/13/2000||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10030400||Ash Creek Upstream CTH O West of jnctn with CTH OO ||10/19/2009||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10013199||Ash Creek - Baseline Lower (atCth Tb)||10/27/2005||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10008073||Ash Creek Station 1||11/13/2000||11/13/2000||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10008091||Ash Creek Station 3||11/13/2000||11/13/2000||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10010411||Ash Creek - Ash Creek Remap 146-X||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10055397||Ash Cr ~600 M US HWY 80||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10028903||Ash Cr. Station 3 along Ash Cr Rd Sec 4 T8-9 R1e||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10029628||Ash Cr. station 1 along Meadowood Ln||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10029629||Ash Cr. station 2 S of CTH O||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10029633||Ash Cr. station 4 along Ash Cr Rd||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10030289||Ash Cr. Upstream CTH. O east of Whipporwill Rd.||10/19/2009||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10030419||Ash Creek Downstream of HWY 80||10/19/2009||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||533036||Ash Creek - (Bridge)||6/27/2003||11/5/2003||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||533042||Ash Creek ||6/27/2003||11/5/2003||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||533043||Ash Creek - (Bridge)||6/27/2003||6/27/2003||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||533035||Ash Creek - Ash Creek||6/27/2003||8/26/2003||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10010412||Ash Creek US Meadowood Ln||Map||Data|
|1224700||Ash Creek||10044141||Ash Creek - Hwy O bridge||6/16/2015||7/3/2016||Map||Data|
Ash Creek is located in the Willow Creek watershed which is 153.08 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (52.10%), grassland (22.50%) and a mix of agricultural (16.80%) and other uses (8.60%). This watershed has 339.41 stream miles, 64.58 lake acres and 3,605.43 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Ash Creek is considered a Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Mainstem streams are moderate-to-large but still wadeable perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are common to absent,
mainstem species are abundant to common, and river species are common to absent.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.