Fish and Aquatic Life
Of Fancy Creek's 9.6 miles of trout waters, only about one mile in the headwaters is considered an exceptional resource water (ERW). The creek is a Class II trout stream in its lower 4.6 miles and a Class I trout fishery upstream from Cribben Hill Drive. A rare aquatic species has been found in the creek in past surveys. Baseline monitoring was conducted in 2000.
The stream supports some natural reproduction of brook trout and the headwater area has good water quality and in-stream habitat. Segments of the stream, however, have been channelized, which has resulted in lost habitat. The stream is also threatened by nonpoint source pollution and sediment from bank erosion and cultivation close to the stream causes a nonpoint problem in some areas of the stream.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Of Fancy Creek's 9.6 miles of trout waters, about a mile is considered Class I (WDNR,1980). That mile is also classified as exceptional resource waters (ERW) and state's water quality antidegradation rules. Part of the Class II portion has the potential to be Class I (Eagan, 1980). In 1991, trout populations were at an all-time low, possibly due to barnyards and cattle access to the stream (WDNR, Kerr, 1991). Sediment from bank erosion and fields cultivated close to the stream is a problem in some areas (WDNR, 1991). Segments of the stream were channelized, resulting in lost habitat (Eagan, 1985).
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Fancy Creek (WBIC 1227400) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1227400||Fancy Creek||533049||Fancy Creek - Spry Hill Rd||9/20/1993||9/20/1993||Map||Data|
|1227400||Fancy Creek||10022749||Fancy Cr Station 2 T11n R1w Sec 4 Nwse||1/1/2015||11/15/2016||Map||Data|
Fancy Creek is located in the Upper Pine River watershed which is 179.98 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (52.80%), grassland (29%) and a mix of agricultural (12.50%) and other uses (5.60%). This watershed has 404.04 stream miles, 92.10 lake acres and 3,397.98 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.