1.66 - 15.62
Cool-Cold Mainstem, Cool-Warm Mainstem, Coldwater
Elevated Water Temperature
Fish and Aquatic Life
Chaffee Creek, TI7N, RIDE, Section 16, Surface Acres = 27.7, Miles = 17.6, Gradient = 6.8 feet per mile.
A long, low-gradient stream which originates in a large spring pond near Pleasant Lake and flows generally easterly to join the Mecan River. The stream has excellent water quality, is clear, and flows generally over sand. The entire stream supports trout with all species present and brown trout most common. Northern pike are also present and constitute a threat to the fishery due to predation. Much of the stream is posted against trespass. About five miles of the stream has natural reproduction of trout. The only major tributary, Wedde Creek, is also a trout stream. Access is afforded by numerous road crossings. About 4.23 miles of stream are in public ownership in 1,085 acres of public hunting and fishing ground.
From: Poff, Ronald J. and Threinen, C.W., 1963. Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of Marquette County, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
The 2018 assessments of Chaffee Creek (14th Ave to the headwaters) showed impairment by temperature; new temperature sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. Available biological data do not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category). Based on the most updated information, this water was proposed for the impaired waters list.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10030586||Chaffee Creek - 11th Ct||8/8/2017||9/14/2017||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10030589||Chaffee Creek - 11th Ln||1/1/2015||10/9/2019||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10010715||Chaffee Creek - Interstate 39 Ibi Station3||10/6/2003||10/9/2019||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||393027||Chaffee Creek at 14th Ave.||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10041821||Chaffee Creek at 11th Lane||7/14/2005||3/17/2022||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10022426||Chaffee Creek Cth Y||6/21/2005||9/10/2021||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10010716||Chaffee Creek - CTH B||5/20/1997||3/17/2022||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10048951||Chaffee Creek - 7th Drive (JJ)||7/5/2005||9/10/2021||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10041326||Chaffee Creek at 14th Ave||7/14/2005||3/10/2022||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10055929||Chaffee Creek at Henry Shore Rd||9/10/2021||9/10/2021||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||393127||Chaffee Creek at Cth B||4/14/1995||11/16/1998||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10047405||Wetland [ID 70423695045]||9/8/2016||9/8/2016||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10016359||Chaffee Creek - Dakota Ave||10/8/1998||9/10/2021||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10010717||Chaffee Creek - Cth Y Ibi Station 1||10/6/2003||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10055529||Chaffe Creek, Upstream of Hwy 39 (South), USGS Gage||7/13/2021||9/10/2021||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10010713||Chaffee Creek - Cth Ch Ibi Station 4||10/2/2003||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10039561||Chaffe Creek - CTH CH||7/5/2005||3/17/2022||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10054692||Wedde Creek Spring Pond||10/2/2020||10/2/2020||Map||Data|
|155900||Chaffee Creek||10030590||Chaffee Creek - Dakota Road||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Chaffee Creek is located in the Mecan River watershed which is 148.31 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (48.40%), agricultural (21.30%) and a mix of wetland (20.30%) and other uses (10.00%). This watershed has 166.56 stream miles, 1,837.44 lake acres and 18,622.87 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Chaffee Creek is considered a Cool-Cold Mainstem, Cool-Warm Mainstem, Coldwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Mainstem streams are moderate-to-large but still wadeable perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are common to absent,
mainstem species are abundant to common, and river species are common to absent.