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Coldwater, Cool-Cold Headwater, Macroinvertebrate
Fish and Aquatic Life
Cemetery Creek - The town of Knight wastewater treatment plant, which treats the effluent from Iron Belt, discharges to an effluent ditch T45N R1E S2 NENW that empties into Cemetery Creek (T46N R1E S35 SWSW), which in turn is tributary to Alder Creek, an exceptional resource water. A wasteload allocation survey done for the town of Knight in 1980 did not indicate any negative effects on receiving waters. Cemetery Creek is considered a Class II trout fishery for its entire length. A point source evaluation in 1991 determined that the stream continues to support its classified uses and current effluent standards appear to be protective. The point where the effluent ditch meets Cemetery Creek occurs about a half mile above the confluence with Alder Creek. Downstream of this confluence, the stream corridor is wild and thickly wooded. Alder growth dominates streambank vegetation and in many areas forms a thick, tangled canopy. In-stream habitat is composed mainly of boulders, rubble, gravel and sand, creating numerous riffles and in-stream diversions. Water chemistry taken at sample sites on Cemetery Creek showed that the levels of dissolved oxygen and five-day biochemical oxygen demand were not of concern. The insect community found in the stream indicated excellent water quality with no apparent organic pollution problems. The insect community included great diversity and species sensitive to pollution. The stream habitat rated as good to excellent, with the lower scores coming from pool and ripple depths related to the stream's small size and hard bottom.
During survey work conducted as part of the coastal wetlands evaluation, two rare species of macroinvertebrate were found and overall taxa richness was moderate (5-24 species) (Epstein 1997).
Turville-Heitz, Meg. 1999. Lake Superior Basin Water Quality Management Plan. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2909300||Unnamed||10043163||Cemetary Creek (Unnamed Creek 2909300) Off Old Farm Driveway||Map||Data|
|2909300||Unnamed||10032139||Unnamed Trib on State Highway 77||Map||Data|
|2909300||Unnamed||10043162||Cemetary Creek (Unnamed 2909300) NW 1/4 Sec. 2 T45N R1E||Map||Data|
Unnamed is located in the Potato River watershed which is 139.92 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (79.70%), wetland (16%) and a mix of grassland (2.40%) and other uses (2.00%). This watershed has 306.29 stream miles, 195.98 lake acres and 14,309.56 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Cemetery Creek (T46n R1e S35 Swsw) is considered a Coldwater, Cool-Cold Headwater, Macroinvertebrate under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.