Fish and Aquatic Life
Pigeon Lake, in the White River Watershed, is a 199.83 acre lake that falls in Bayfield County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1971, Surface Water Resources of Bayfield County,WI: WI-DNR
Pigeon Lake, T45N, R8W, Sections 34, 35
Surface Acres = 213.2, Maximum Depth = 21 feet, M.P.A. = 59 ppm,
Secchi Disk = 16 feet
A landlocked, hard water, seepage lake populated by
largemouth bass, yellow perch, bluegill, black crappie,
pumpkinseed, black bullhead, white sucker, and forage minnows.
Stunted panfish and fluctuating water levels are management
problems. The littoral bottom type is predominantly sand with
scattered areas of rubble, gravel, and silt. Except for the
receded, grass covered shoreline, the entire lake is surrounded
by firm upland with mixed hardwoods and scattered pine
predominating. Nesting ducks use the lake and migratory
waterfowl use is moderate. Muskrats are the only furbearers
present The Wisconsin State Universities' Summer Camp located on
the north side of the lake and 17 scattered cottages make up the
private development. A public boat launching ramp on U. S.
Forest Service lands off County Highway "A" on the east end of
the lake provides public access to the lake. A total of 2.31
miles of the lake's 6.89 miles of shoreline is in Chequamegon
National Forest ownership.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2489400||Pigeon Lake||044022||Pigeon Lake - Pigeon Lake||7/7/1979||7/7/1979||Map||Data|
|2489400||Pigeon Lake||043116||Pigeon Lake - Deep Hole||7/31/1998||9/2/2018||Map||Data|
|2489400||Pigeon Lake||10019562||Pigeon Lake -- Access at Cth N - S Side Of Lake||8/29/2008||8/5/2017||Map||Data|
|2489400||Pigeon Lake||10001467||Pigeon Lake||5/27/1997||9/12/2017||Map||Data|
Pigeon Lake is located in the White River watershed which is 366.15 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (75.10%), wetland (14.60%) and a mix of grassland (4.90%) and other uses (5.30%). This watershed has 472.79 stream miles, 7,218.85 lake acres and 29,057.91 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.