Fish and Aquatic Life
Source: 1973, Surface Water Resources of Douglas County
Lake of the Woods, T45N, R11W, Section 17,
Surface Acres-33.8, Maximum Depth-18 feet, M.P.A.-16 ppm, Secchi
A soft water, seepage lake, it is landlocked and has clear
water and a sandy beach. An occasional severe winterkill occurs
here, the most recent in the winter of 1964-65. The present
fishery is composed mainly of largemouth bass, bluegills, and
perch. Other species present in lesser numbers are black crappie,
pumpkinseed, and johnny darter. A two-to three-foot natural
fluctuation in water level occurs from dry to wet cycle years. The
aquatic vegetation is moderate in density and consists of
pondweeds, bulrushes, and yellow pond lilies. The littoral bottom
is mostly sand, with muck in the bays. Wetlands are lacking, and
the lake's upland shore has mixed hardwood and pine. Waterfowl and
furbearer use is small because of the high residential development
of 38 cottages and homes on the lakeshore. There is a town access
available for small boat launching on the south side, which is the
only public frontage on the lake.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2473300||Lake of the Woods||10033369||Lake of the Woods - Deepest Spot||Map||Data|
|2473300||Lake of the Woods||10002171||Lake Of The Woods||9/5/2000||9/12/2017||Map||Data|
Lake of the Woods is located in the Upper St. Croix and Eau Claire Rivers watershed which is 277.89 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (83.90%), wetland (9.50%) and a mix of open (4.30%) and other uses (2.40%). This watershed has 153.93 stream miles, 7,654.41 lake acres and 13,694.48 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.