Fish and Aquatic Life
Oak Lake, in the Shell Lake and Upper Yellow River Watershed, is a 28.84 acre lake that falls in Washburn County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1978, Surface Water Resources of Washburn County Oak Lake, T38N, R11W, Section 7,
A soft water, seepage lake southeast of Spooner six miles. It is landlocked and has a fishery of northern pike, largemouth bass, and bluegills. The main basin of the lake is nearly circular and a smaller basin of about two acres is located adjacent to the north end and the two are connected by a marshy channel. A town road follows the south lakeshore. A private campground is situated in the open area on the east side of the main part of the lake. The remaining shore has a cover of mixed hardwood and pine on the upland. The littoral zone is sand-bottomed except for the marsh channel. The water is clear except that at the midsummer time of the survey there was an algal bloom which considerably reduced light penetration. Nesting puddle ducks rarely use the lake and furbearers are scarce here. Besides the campground, there are two cottages on the lakeshore. The lake has no public access or public frontage.
Surface Acres-33.1, Maximum Depth-50 feet, M.P.A.-11 ppm, Secchi Disk-4 feet
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1871300||Oak Lake||663130||Oak Lake - Near Center||7/10/1989||9/15/2009||Map||Data|
|5513113||Unnamed||663169||Oak Lake - Echo Pond||Map||Data|
|1871300||Oak Lake||664022||Oak Lake - Oak Lake||7/25/1979||7/25/1979||Map||Data|
|1871300||Oak Lake||10006756||Oak Lake||9/5/2000||10/3/2016||Map||Data|
Oak Lake is located in the Shell Lake and Upper Yellow River watershed which is 166.67 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (56.10%), agricultural (12.10%) and a mix of grassland (11%) and other uses (20.70%). This watershed has 118.54 stream miles, 5,764.04 lake acres and 9,834.60 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.